What does 20 david

What does it mean that Jesus is the son of David?

Seventeen verses in the New Testament describe Jesus as "the Son of David". But the question arises, how could Jesus be the son of David if David lived about 1000 years before Jesus? The answer is that Christ (the Messiah) was the fulfillment of the prophecy of the seed of David (2 Samuel 7: 14-16). Jesus is the promised Messiah, which means that he had to descend from the seed of David. Matthew 1 gives us a family tree that proves that Jesus - in his humanity - was a direct descendant of David through Joseph (his legal, non-biological father). The family tree in Luke chapter 3 gives us the lineage through his mother, Mary. Jesus is a descendant of David, by adoption by Joseph and by consanguinity by Mary. "[Jesus Christ] who was born of the clan of David according to the flesh" (Romans 1: 3).

Above all, the title “Son of David” is more than just a statement of physical ancestry. It's a messianic title. When people referred to Jesus as the Son of David, they meant that He was the long-awaited Savior, the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies.

Jesus was addressed as "Lord, Son of David" by several people who sought His grace and healing through trust. The woman, whose daughter was tormented by an evil spirit (Matthew 15:22), the two blind men by the wayside (Matthew 20:30) called to David's son for help. The title they used to address him expressed their belief in him. “Lord” expressed their recognition of his deity, rule and power and with “son David” they expressed their belief that he was the Messiah.

The Pharisees understood exactly what was meant when they heard the people call Jesus "Son of David". But unlike those who exclaimed in faith and trust, the Pharisees were so blinded by their own pride that they did not see what the blind beggars could see - that here was the promised Messiah they supposedly waited all their lives had. They hated Jesus because He did not give them the honor they thought they deserved. Therefore, they were indignant when the people worshiped Jesus as the Son of David, the Redeemer and Savior (Matthew 21:15), and they made a plan to destroy him (Luke 19:47).

Jesus further confused the scribes and Pharisees by asking them to explain the meaning of this very title. How could it be that the Messiah was the son of David when David himself referred to him as “my Lord” (Mark 12: 35-37, see also Psalm 110: 1)? Of course, the teachers of the law could not answer that question. Jesus hereby exposed the unsuitability of the Jewish leadership as scholars and their ignorance of what the Old Testament taught about the Messiah, which further alienated them from him.

The crucial thing about Jesus' question in Mark 12:35 is what the Messiah is more than just the physical descendant of David. If he is the Lord of David, he must be greater than David. As Jesus says in Revelation 22:16, "I am the root and the lineage of David". That is, he is both the Creator of David and the Descendant of David. Only the incarnate Son of God could say that.


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What does it mean that Jesus is the son of David?
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