Can I reverse skin damage
Wrinkles, moles, skin cancer: these are the consequences of UV light and sunburn
Consequences of UV light and sunburn
The skin does not forget anything. The skin damage caused by the sun is irreversible and in some cases has consequences. According to dermatologists, the tanning of the skin signals a defense reaction to too much UV light. Tanned skin is better protected from sunburn, but it still has contact with critical UV rays. For this reason, dermatologists advise against pre-tanning. This is not good sun protection. In this way one simply prefers the damage. This also applies to solariums.
The skin's solar account accumulates UV minutes
The skin has a sun account. Many solar minutes accumulate there over the years. The more sun minutes the sun account has, the more likely it is that the skin will age early, wrinkle and form more liver spots and age spots on the skin. While UV-A rays are primarily responsible for skin aging and wrinkling, it is mainly UV-B rays that damage the genetic material and increase the risk of skin cancer.
Consequences of UV rays: The risk of skin cancer increases even without sunburn
If the natural repair mechanism fails, damaged cells can degenerate and become malignant. This has consequences. It is not black skin cancer (malignant melanoma) that is particularly common on the skin, but white skin cancer (basalioma) is a consequence.
According to the German Cancer Society, around 170,000 people develop white skin cancer every year. The average age is 60 years. The head and neck area is particularly affected. A strong UV exposure and a hereditary tendency in connection with a light skin type often have consequences. You have to pay attention to small wounds that ooze, itch, bleed and do not heal. People often think of a pimple first.
Benign moles can degenerate: ABCDE rule for self-check
The ABCDE rule is a good guide to dark skin changes. Moles in themselves are harmless. Some exist from birth, others are added in the course of life. Skin cancer can develop from them. Around 21,000 Germans develop black skin cancer every year. Black skin cancer is responsible for about one percent of all cancer deaths. Dermatologists recommend having the skin examined every two years from the age of 35 as part of the statutory skin cancer screening.
In addition to skin screening by a dermatologist, everyone can also keep an eye on their own skin. If one of the characteristics of the ABCDE rule already applies, you should go to the doctor and have the skin change clarified:
- A asymmetry: the mole is irregularly shaped. It is not evenly round, oval, or oblong.
- B-border: The mole shows washed-out, jagged, uneven or rough edges.
- C-Color: The mole shows different colors, i.e. lighter and darker spots in one. You may even see pink, gray, or black spots. Even if a crust forms, this is a warning signal.
- D diameter: The mole is larger than five millimeters at its widest point.
- E-evolution: The mole has changed within the last 3 months.
Prevent the consequences of too much sun
In addition to clothing protection, the use of sunscreen is the most effective measure to prevent sunburn, ward off UV rays and avoid possible consequences. With the right protection, you can enjoy the sun without a guilty conscience. The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety also sees it this way: "Those who expose themselves to UV radiation in moderation and do not neglect the protection of the skin and eyes need not fear the harmful effects of UV radiation." Important: You should also use sunscreen in the shade, as a large part of the UV radiation still arrives there.
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