What are the neighboring countries of Egypt
Hanisauland: Lexicon @todo: from Preprocess
- Official name:
- Arab Republic of Egypt
- Egyptian pound
- National holiday:
- July 23, Revolution Day
Between Asia and Africa
Egypt lies on two continents: the greater part of the country is in northern Africa, but also a small part in Asia. Neighboring countries are Libya, Sudan and Israel, and the country also borders the Gaza Strip. In the north of Egypt lies the Mediterranean Sea and in the east the Red Sea.
Egypt consists for the most part of dry desert with large temperature differences: during the day it can be over 30 degrees, and at night it can cool down to below 10 degrees. Rain is very rare. It is hard for plants and animals to survive under the conditions. Robust plants such as dates and palm trees grow in the oases.
Many people live on the Nile
The river Nile with its muddy floods provides fertile land. That is why the country is also known as the “gift of the Nile”. Most of the people live on the banks of the Nile. The fellahs, as the Egyptian farmers are called, grow cotton, wheat and rice there, among other things.
A country with many people
Since the birth rate in Egypt is high, the population is growing rapidly. Cairo, the capital of Egypt, is the largest city in the country with over 9 million inhabitants. The area around Cairo is actually the largest region on the entire continent of Africa: an estimated 20 million people live here.
Democracy at risk
Egypt is one of the leading countries in the Arab world. Domestically, the country has not been able to calm down for many years. In 2011 in the so-called “Arab Spring”, hundreds of thousands of people demonstrated against poverty, high unemployment and the poor future prospects for young people. The then President Mubarak was forced to resign after long resistance.
Since 2014, the Arab Republic has had a new constitution that declares, for example, men and women to have equal rights. At the head of the state is the popularly elected president, but there is no fair election campaign between the candidates. Human rights and freedom of the press are restricted, and the country has been in a state of emergency since 2017. Most of the people in Egypt belong to Islam, but there is also a large Christian minority. The jurisprudence is based in part on Islamic law, the Sharia.
Pharaohs as ancestors
The history of Egypt is very famous. 6000 years ago, one of the world's early advanced civilizations emerged on what is now the national territory. In ancient Egypt, the rulers were called pharaohs and had magnificent tombs, the pyramids, built. The last and very famous queen was Cleopatra. Some buildings can still be visited today. The more than 4,500 year old pyramids of Giza are the only one of the seven wonders of the world that still stands today. The many historical sights attract many tourists every year. The holiday guests are very important for the economy of the country. Other important branches of the economy are agriculture and oil exports. Egypt is also the second most industrialized country in Africa.
Not everyone can read and write
The Egyptian children have to go to school from 6 to 13 years of age. The lessons are free, but take place in very large classes. Because of the poor education, many Egyptians are illiterate. Today, every third person cannot read or write at all or not properly.
Broad beans and hollow bread
The traditional Egyptian cuisine is very diverse and has been shaped by the influences of neighboring countries. People mostly eat legumes and vegetables, and sometimes fish. Many people cannot afford expensive meat from sheep, lamb and beef. Bread is the staple food in Egypt, it should not be missing from any meal. The typical Egyptian flatbread has a diameter of 15 to 20 centimeters and is hollow on the inside.
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