Roving listening devices arent unconstitutional

Jusnews 2016 contain 366 days with 5020 messages with 172,610 words.

2016-01-01 The Netherlands take over the presidency of the European Union.
In Germany, the basic income tax allowance increases by 180 euros to 8652 euros, and for married couples and registered partners to 17304 euros.
In Germany, the child allowance increases to 7248 per year for each child, the child benefit for the first and second child to 190 euros, for the third child to 196 euros and for every fourth and further child to 221 euros per month.
In Germany, pension expenses for old age can be taken into account for single persons up to a maximum of 18,669 euros, for married couples and registered partners up to a maximum of 37,338 euros.
In Germany, the taxable portion of pensions increases from 70 to 72 percent.
In Germany, the income threshold up to which social contributions are due on the salary increases in statutory health insurance and long-term care insurance from 4125 euros to 4237 euros, in pension and unemployment insurance in the west from 6050 to 6200 euros, in the east from 5200 to 5400 euros.
In Germany, the standard rate for Hartz IV for single persons rises from 399 euros to 404 euros for benefit communities from 360 euros to 364 euros per spouse or partner in a household.
In Germany, the maximum amount of student funding rises to 735 euros (if you have your own apartment) or 537 euros (if you live with your parents).
In Germany the postage for normal letters increases from 62 cents to 70 cents, for maxi letters up to 1000 grams from 2.40 euros to 2.60 euros and for registered mail from 2.15 euros to 2.50 euros.
On the night of January 1, 2016, 7,391,068,000 people are expected to be alive (83 million more than a year ago, an average growth rate of 2.6 people per second, especially in developing countries).

2016-01-02 According to a decision of the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, if the debtor repays a claim assigned to a debt collection company as a debt assignee for the purpose of debt collection, the payment can only be contested against the original debtor and not against the debt collection company (IX ZR 308/2014 September 24, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, provocation of a criminal act contrary to the rule of law by members of the law enforcement authorities or third parties controlled by them is regularly an obstacle to proceedings (2 StR 97/2014 June 10, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Labor Court of Germany, the employer's obligation, following from § 1 II 2 and 3 KSCHG, to employ the employee at another (free) job in order to avoid termination, does not in principle extend to jobs in a company located abroad or Part of the business, but a self-commitment going beyond this (e.g. from § 242 BGB) is not entirely excluded (2 AZR 2/2014 September 24, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Social Court of Germany, a cap on the benefits for accommodation and heating after an unnecessary move to the reasonable expenses to be borne up to that point is only permitted if appropriately determined adequacy limits for the accommodation costs and heating costs exist (14 AS 6/2014 R 29. April 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Fiscal Court of Germany, the payment of a uniform severance payment in two installments does not, as an exception, prevent the application of the reduced tax rate if the installments clearly represent the main line and ancillary service in relation to one another and the ancillary service is insignificant (IX R 46/2014 13. October 2015).
According to a decision by the Hamburg Higher Regional Court, the procedural cost reimbursement claim from a preliminary injunction issued by decision according to § 195 BGB expires within three years, but the limitation of the procedural cost reimbursement claim is suspended by the delivery of the cost determination request to the litigant in accordance with § 204 I No. 1 BGB ( 8 W 83/2015 September 4, 2015).
According to a decision by the Cologne Higher Regional Court, a referral decision based on an agreement on the place of jurisdiction concluded by a tax advisor is not binding (8 AR 39/2015 29 June 2015).
According to a decision by the Cologne Higher Regional Court, the debtor can reserve the offsetting provision that is actually to be made with the performance by declaring a reservation of offsetting with the payment, whereby the obligee, if he wants to extinguish the right of determination, must request the debtor within a within a reasonable period of time to make use of the right to a set-off after the service has been provided, whereby the redemption effect of the set-off does not come into effect until the date of the intended use (8 U 54/2014 June 11, 2015).
According to a decision by the Administrative Court of Baden-Württemberg, the withdrawal of a driving license can also be based on an infringement that was committed before the warning was issued, but the driving license authority only became aware of it after the warning (10 S 1176/2015 6 August 2015).
According to a decision by the Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main, an action must be dismissed as inadmissible without the necessary conciliation proceedings being carried out (2/16 S 16/2015 September 2, 2015).
* Asset management partnerships, ed. v. Haase, Florian / Dorn, Katrin, 2nd A: 2015
* Münch, Christof, Family Law in Notary and Design Practice, 2nd A. 2016
* Beck’s process form book, 13 A. 2016

2016-01-03 According to a decision by the European Court of Human Rights, it may be permissible to use undercover investigators, provided that the operation is clearly delimited and secured, but a complainant can continue if he has not been granted sufficient redress for a violation of Art. 6 I ECHR claim to be the victim of a violation of Art. 6 I ECHR (54648/1009 October 23, 2014).
According to a decision of the Court of Justice (of the European Union), a supervisory authority may not impose sanctions on the basis of the law of a Member State against data processing who is not established in the territory of that Member State, but instead measures under Article 28 VI of the 1995 Directive / 46 / EC request the supervisory authority of the Member State whose law is applicable to intervene (C-230/2014 October 1, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, the setting of a fine against a universal successor who, from an economic point of view, is almost identical to the original legal person, is covered by the wording of Section 30 I OWiG (1 BvR 980/2015 August 20, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, the exclusion criteria mentioned in § 18 I BVerfGG do not apply to abusive behavior by a complainant if the exclusion leads to a quorum of the arbitration body of the Federal Constitutional Court, which is the sole decision-maker (2 BvR 740/2015 7 June 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, a lawyer who refuses to participate in the delivery from lawyer to lawyer in accordance with Section 195 ZPO by not issuing an acknowledgment of receipt does not commit a punishable breach of professional duty (AnwSt R 4/2015 October 26, 2015).
According to a decision of the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the determination of a date for the oral hearing on the objection to a default judgment may only take place after receipt of the objection, and in a precautionary date for the case of the objection, due to the lack of a proper date and therefore no default, no second default judgment against the party that did not appear in the date was issued (III ZR Ü 1/2015 October 8, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, a maintenance title obtained by a Land in accordance with Section 7 IV UVG can be transferred to the dependent child by analogous application of Section 727 ZPO (XII ZB 62/2014 23 September 2015) after the advance payments have been discontinued.
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the transfer of the task of revoking power of attorney requires sound findings to the effect that if the power of attorney continues to exist within the framework of the principle of proportionality, there is a risk of significant damage to the person concerned (XII ZB 624/2014 23 September 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, anyone who has their own, weighty and otherwise unsatisfactory interest in inspecting the files of the cartel authority (e.g. in cartel proceedings ending with a commitment pursuant to Section 32b GWB) can make a claim have a discretionary decision about a right of access to the elderly that lies outside the scope of § 29 VwVfG and is at the dutiful discretion of the authority according to § 40 VwVfG (KVR 55/2014 July 14, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, if a company (e.g. Calw GmbH) violates its obligations to cooperate in cartel administrative proceedings, negative conclusions can be drawn for the company within the framework of the free assessment of evidence (KVR 77/2013 July 14, 2015).

2016-01-04 According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, passengers are not entitled to compensation payments if an aircraft lands significantly late due to a lack of landing permission, because the delay is then based on an exceptional circumstance (X ZR 115/2012).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the statements made by a witness who initially waived his right to refuse to testify in accordance with Section 52 of the Code of Criminal Procedure and only referred to it in the course of his interrogation before invoking the right to refuse to testify remain usable (1 StR 429/2014 May 20, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, there is a disruptive effect on the recording process within the meaning of Section 268 III StGB if the perpetrator accesses the automatic function of the recording device and thereby changes the result (1 StR 490/2014 April 16 2015).
According to a decision by the Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court, the bidder who was able to recognize the incompleteness of a service description and, based on the - not disclosed - assumption that it could be easily drilled, cannot claim additional remuneration if his optimistic assumption does not prove to be correct (I-21 U 136/2014 March 24, 2015).
According to a decision by the Bochum District Court, a tenant must refrain from describing a landlady as a mad cow, a cow that has been given or a pathologically vicious goat (67 C 241/2015 August 26, 2015).
According to a decision by the Munich District Court, an air operator has the right to move a return flight forward if it has announced this clearly enough (281 C 3666/2013 on February 1, 2015?).
According to a decision by the Wiesbaden District Court, a traveler booking one year in advance is entitled to half of the travel price as compensation if the tour operator cancels the trip 6 months before the start of the trip (91 C 295/2014).
According to a ruling by the Austrian Supreme Court, the Red Cross has no right to cease and desist from competitors in the area of ​​emergency services because it did not acquire a monopoly on approval (December 30, 2015?).
Due to the large number of refugees coming through Germany, which welcomes social benefits, Denmark is initially introducing random border controls to Germany for ten days in order to prevent the entry of refugees without valid entry documents.
Belgium is restarting the Doel 1 nuclear reactor near Antwerp, which was automatically shut down on Saturday.

2016-01-05 According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, termination of a paid feed-in contract by a public broadcasting corporation is ineffective if the decision to do so was not made on the basis of an autonomous decision, but rather in the execution of an agreement with the other public broadcasting corporations in violation of antitrust law (KZR 3/2014 June 16, 2015).
According to a decision by the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court, if a tenant mentions a possible later dependency on a wheelchair in a rental interview, the agreed accessibility is to be understood as a threshold freedom (19 U 27/2013 July 28, 2014).
According to a decision by the Cologne Higher Regional Court, the dismissal of a non-registered managing director is a change that is subject to notification in accordance with Section 39 I GmbHG, whereby the corresponding change in the commercial register does not at the same time state that the person who has been dismissed was previously managing director (2 Wx 117/2015, 3rd June 2015).
According to a decision by the Higher Regional Court of Saarbrücken, the demand for rent payment up to the end of an ordinary notice period does not violate good faith if the tenant had objected to the extraordinary notice of termination but moved out two months before the end of the ordinary notice period (2 U 22/2014 22. April 2015).
According to a decision by the Schleswig Higher Regional Court, claims from defects in a roof photovoltaic system expire after three years at the latest, because the system is not a building and does not serve the construction, maintenance or usability of a roof system (1 U 154/2014 August 26, 2015).
According to a decision by the State Social Court of Baden-Württemberg, the sale of a home is unreasonable as uneconomical if the sales price achieved is significantly lower than the total amount spent on the acquisition (7 AS 1406/2012 January 29, 2015).
According to a decision by the Arnsberg Regional Court, the general terms and conditions of an on-line shop "The author assumes no liability for the topicality, correctness, completeness or quality of the information provided" is contrary to competition law (I-8 O 63/2015 September 3, 2015).
According to a decision by the Hamburg Regional Court, the involvement of retired judges to give tactical advice to lawyers, company departments or individual clients is a legal service that requires permission in accordance with Section 3 RDG (315 O 82/2015 March 18, 2015).
After a decision by the Bremen Public Prosecutor's Office, the investigations against two brothers for violating the War Weapons Act have been discontinued due to a lack of sufficient suspicion (January 4, 2016).

2016-01-06 According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, a property owner has a right to defend himself against his neighbors if rainwater reaches his property underground as seepage water (V ZR 168/2014 June 12, 2015).
According to a decision by the Dresden Higher Regional Court, in the relationship between an operating obligation and an obligation to maintain disclosure, if one obligation is ineffective, the other obligation is not necessarily ineffective because both can be determined independently of one another (5 U 597/2015 July 15, 2015).
According to a decision by the Dresden Higher Regional Court, subletting a commercial property without the consent of the landlord does not always entitle you to terminate the rental agreement without notice (5 U 375/2015 June 30, 2015).
According to a decision by the Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court, the rental contract condition "The tenant cannot offset the rent with a counterclaim or assert a right of reduction or right of retention unless the claim is undisputed or has been legally established" (10 U 114/2012 July 25, 2013 ).
According to a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court, a property owner cannot ask a neighbor to remove a play tower for children because it disrupts its appearance, because there are no building regulations to be observed for play towers (5 U 190/2013 May 19, 2014).
According to a decision by the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court, an insolvency administrator acts fraudulently when selling a property if he knows that an attempt to remove mold was unsuccessful according to information from tenants (10 U 755/2014 July 12, 2015).
According to a decision by the Cologne Higher Regional Court, if an agreed budget is exceeded due to the client's requests for changes, the architect is obliged to provide appropriate advice on the likely costs (24 U 76/2014 October 30, 2014).
According to a decision by the Berlin Regional Court, a business condition often used by the landlord for an anchor tenant in a shopping center with clear market power is not a general business condition if it has been made available by the landlord and detailed negotiations take place (32 O 258/2013 January 16, 2015).
According to a decision by the Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main, the lease condition, not to let cats and dogs roam freely on the community area, is lawful because it serves to maintain domestic peace (2-09 S 11/2015 July 14, 2015).
According to a decision by the District Court of Dinslaken, video surveillance must also be removed as a dummy if a person concerned has to seriously fear surveillance by a surveillance camera in view of an escalating neighbor dispute (34 C 47/2014 March 5, 2015).
North Korea claims that it has successfully tested a hydrogen bomb.

2016-01-07 20160107 According to a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights, the retroactive extension of preventive detention of a dangerous criminal (miner) is permissible in Germany if the offender has a mental disorder whose necessary treatment is the aim of preventive detention and the appropriate facility for the treatment of a psychological one Disease is suitable (23279/2014 January 7, 2016).
According to a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights, Russia has to pay a demonstrator 25,000 euros in damages for violating freedom of assembly through arrest after changing routes at short notice and clashes with the police (January 5, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, a disseminator of information (e.g. an orthopedist) who sets a link to another website (e.g. an association) on his website, but does not adopt the content as his own, must, take responsibility for damage only if he knows a violation of law by the linked page or z. B. learns from a hint from an outsider (I ZR 74/2014 June 18, 2015).
After a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court that reversed the preliminary ruling, the traffic sign "End of the Autobahn" does not impose a speed limit, but only indicates that the special provisions that apply to the Autobahn no longer apply (5 RBs 34/2015 November 24, 2015).
According to a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court, the content of a medical information should not only be assessed on the basis of an information sheet signed by the patient, but if possible also the content of the personal information discussion should be determined (3 U 68/2015 9 November 2015).
According to a decision by the Higher Regional Court in Koblenz, product advertising is also illegal with reference to the inventory “only in limited numbers” if the person addressed has practically no chance of purchase due to the low stock of goods (9 U 296/2015 December 2, 2015).
According to a decision by the Berlin Regional Court, parents have a right to access the Facebook account of their deceased minor child because the contract with the social network is part of the estate and the digital estate is to be treated like letters or diaries (20 O 172/2015 December 17, 2015).
After a decision by the Administrative Court of Gelsenkirchen, the application for a temporary injunction has been rejected, with which a judge who is retiring at the end of January at the district court has sought postponement of retirement until the age of 67 since May 2015 (12 L 6 / 2016 January 5, 2016).
According to a decision by the competent court of the United States of America in San Francisco, the macaque (monkey) Naruto has no copyright under applicable law on a self-photo he has created, so that the picture can be published by anyone.
In Rosh Ha-Ayin in Israel remains of an approximately 1500 year old monastery of a Theodosius are uncovered.
During the clean-up work on the site of the nuclear reactors in Fukushima, Japan, which were damaged in 2011, large amounts of radioactivity (activity of 300 billion Becquerel of the radioactive isotope cesium-137) were released and carried away by the wind.
In electronics, Moore’s Law (Gordon Moores) that the capacity of chips is doubled every two years, with transistors that are barely larger than a few atoms, will probably soon be exhausted.
† Kupisch, Berthold, January 3, 1932-30. December 2015
The ethics committee of the World Athletics Federation IAAF excludes Alexej Melnikow and Papa Massata Diack from the sport for life and bans Gabriel Dollé for five years,
The German share index falls below 10,000 points.

2016-01-08 According to a decision by the German Federal Constitutional Court, four urgent applications by four members of the Euthanasia Association Germany e. V. rejected the enforcement of the criminal prohibition of commercial promotion of suicide, because the disadvantages outweigh the suspension of the enforcement of § 217 StGB (2 BvR 2347/2015 December 21, 2015).
According to a decision by the Higher Administrative Court of Rhineland-Palatinate, the state of Rhineland-Palatinate has to grant an official suffering from a lactose intolerance allowance for his expenses for the lactase-containing preparation LaktoStop 3300 FCC (2 A 10542/2015 December 15, 2015).
According to a ruling by the Düsseldorf Tax Court, an oversupply of the wages actually paid by the employer during the active service period of the beneficiary in the relevant financial year are decisive (6 K 4456/2013 K 10 November 2015).
According to a ruling by the Düsseldorf Finance Court, letting a daughter dependent on a rented apartment is not a tax-recognized tenancy if the daughter does not pay the fixed rent to the parents and an alleged offsetting of the rent against the maintenance is not regulated (7 K 1077/2014 E May 20, 2015).
According to a decision by the Düsseldorf Regional Court, the former tenant of the Steinwayhaus in Düsseldorf has to return a Steinway grand piano that can no longer be found after the end of his lease to a customer within four weeks or pay compensation (1 O 68/2014 January 7, 2016).
According to a decision by the Mainz Administrative Court, a taxi driver who has been convicted of several criminal offenses may have his driving license to transport passengers and the taxi license withdrawn due to unreliability (3 L 1527/2015 January 5, 2016 and others).
According to a decision by the Mainz Social Court, people of small size who rely on a motor vehicle to get from their home to their work place can be entitled to vehicle assistance (1 R 701/2013 November 19, 2015).
According to a decision by the Munich District Court, the lack of an expected gala dinner at Christmas in Dubai worth 700 euros for two travelers justifies a travel price reduction of 15 percent (213 C 18887/2014 December 1, 2014).
Tiemann, Frank is the new judge at the Federal Court of Justice.
Öger Türk Tur applies for insolvency proceedings to be opened (January 4, 2016?).
The government of the Gambia stipulates that female civil servants must wear a headscarf while on duty.
The as yet unnamed elements with the ordinal numbers 113, 115, 117 and 118 are (after the inclusion of the elements 114 and 116 in 2011) for those produced by scientists in Japan, Russia and the United States of America over the last 12 years When they decay, elements that existed for a fraction of a second were added to the periodic table of chemical elements.

2016-01-09 According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, it is permissible to offset a claim for damages due to preventive detention in contravention of the Convention with a claim for costs from a new criminal procedure ordering a new preventive detention (III ZR 204/2015 November 12, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, under certain conditions, fictitious expenses for repairs in a brand-specific workshop are also required in vehicle comprehensive insurance (IV ZR 426/2014 November 11, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the general shortening of the limitation period in an issue prospectus condition is illegal because it indirectly also affects breaches of duty committed through gross negligence (II ZR 340/2014 September 22, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Labor Court in Germany, if a public employer decides to have lessons at schools given by teachers with state teaching qualifications if possible, a decline in the need for teaching primarily affects the group of temporary workers without state teaching qualifications, so that social choices are less in the event of operational dismissal limited to the mission school (2 AZR 582/2014 October 22, 2015).
According to a decision by the Berlin Chamber of Commerce, the minutes to be submitted by an association to the registry court with the notification of a change to the articles of association must be drawn up in the form provided for by the articles of association for the certification of the resolutions of the general meeting, whereby a copy of the resolution containing the change is sufficient (22 W 12/2015 July 27, 2015).
According to a decision by the Higher Regional Court of Hamburg, a lawsuit aimed at determining the effectiveness of the revocation of a loan agreement and for determining the reversal of the loan agreement is generally based on the net loan amount and not on the interest loss (6 W 25/2015 July 17, 2015).
According to a decision by the Higher Regional Court of Koblenz, the unsuccessful opponent in the process does not have to reimburse the costs of a vehicle expert opinion that is unusable due to unsuitable information from the party (10 U 1233/2014 July 24, 2015).
According to a decision by the Munich Higher Regional Court, if a debtor is only registered as a member of a community of heirs in the land register, the land registry may not register a compulsory mortgage with the result that a co-heir share will be charged (34 Wx 260/2015 September 9, 2015).
According to a decision by the Munich Higher Regional Court, the wording of Section 438 of the FamFG prohibits referring to a different filing date for an inheritance claim in the public notice procedure, such as that of the legal force or the effectiveness of the exclusion resolution when it is announced (34 Wx 247/2015 August 26, 2015).
According to a decision by the Nuremberg Higher Regional Court, if, according to the declaration of division in accordance with Section 12 I WEG, a sale of residential property requires the consent of the apartment owners or third parties, this also applies to the transfer and relinquishment of the residential property to which the community of heirs is entirely entitled to one of its members (15 W 788/2015 August 31, 2015).
According to a decision by the Nuremberg Higher Regional Court, if the divorced spouses have concluded a maintenance agreement, the adjustment of the pension reduction according to Section 33 VersAusglG is only limited by the amount of the agreed maintenance if this maintenance is based on the full pension and not in anticipation of an adjustment in which the reduction is only partially suspended (11 UF 887/2015 August 21, 2015).
According to a decision by the Bavarian Administrative Court, the suspensive effect of the action against the obligation to surrender the driver's license after the driver's license has been withdrawn not according to Section 80 II 1 No. 3 VwGO, but can be ordered by the authority according to Section 80 II 1 No. 4 VwGO (11 Cs 1447/2015 September 22, 2015).
According to a decision by the Detmold Regional Court, a pedelec is not a motor vehicle, so that its owner is not responsible for damage caused during operation regardless of fault according to § 7 I StVG (10 S 43/2015 July 15, 2015).
According to a decision by the neumarkt district court, a defendant who often traveled without a ticket on the Deutsche Bahn between Munich and Jena was sentenced to four months in prison.
After a decision by the Cologne Public Prosecutor's Office, the criminal proceedings against Eric Sarasin have been discontinued because of aiding and abetting tax evasion against payment of a small amount of money.
According to a decision by the European Commission, Fedex is allowed to take over FNT Express without any conditions for four billion euros.
In the reform of the taxation procedure in Germany, according to a notification from the NJW (envelope 51/2015, 6), the federal government (bundesregierung.de of December 9, 2015) has provided for an obligation to process tax matters electronically.
* Schlüter / Stolte, Foundation Law, 3rd A. 2016
* Beisel / Klumpp, Der Unternehmenskauf, 7 A. 2016
* Beck’s book of forms for tenancy law, ed. v. Gies, Richard, 5th A. 2016
* Wicke, Hartmut, GmbHG, 3rd A. 2016
* Gadertz / Martinek / Ory, Handbook Media Agencies, 2016
* Beck’s Handbook of Real Estate Tax Law, ed. v. Haase, Florian / Jachmann, Monika, 2015

2016-01-10 According to a decision by the European Court of Human Rights, a transsexual who has undergone surgery (e.g. in Finland) can claim to have been the victim of a violation of his right to respect for his private life if the sex reassignment is not legally recognized (e.g. in a passport) , and Art. 8 ECHR does not oblige the convention states to allow couples of the same sex to get married (37359/2009 July 16, 2014).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the claim for payment based on the contestation of creditors also suspends the statute of limitations with regard to an alternatively given claim for enrichment aimed at payment, if its requirements are set out in the factual presentation of the claim (IX ZR 222/2013 29 October 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the property-related liabilities were transferred to the Federal Agency for Real Estate Tasks with the ownership of the federal property in accordance with § 2 II 1 and III BImAG (V ZR 205/2014 July 17, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the right of ownership expires in accordance with § 9 I 4 Hs. 1 VerkFlBerG if the public user has not exercised his rights by June 30, 2007 and the property owner refuses to settle the legal relationships within the meaning of § 3 VerkFlberG (V ZR 207/2014 July 17, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Labor Court in Germany, a designation of a salary as a collective wage suggests that a wage has been agreed in accordance with the salary development of the relevant collective wage agreement (4 AZR 51/2014 July 8, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Labor Court of Germany, advice on a written submission received after the end of the oral hearing by means of a conference call between the chairman and the honorary judge of the last oral hearing is permissible if it is a mere follow-up consultation that only occurs in addition to the oral hearing (I AZR 223/2014 April 14, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Fiscal Court, the total costs are to be recognized in the period in accordance with the logbook method if the employer has to accordingly record the costs of the motor vehicle leased by him in his profit determination (VI R 27/2014 September 3, 2015).
According to a decision by the Higher Administrative Court of Berlin-Brandenburg, parents also owe their adult children advance legal costs in a legal dispute over educational funding and the use of the assets is reasonable for them (6 M 23/2014 July 2, 2015).
According to a decision by the Lower Administrative Court of Lower Saxony, Section 1 III UVG does not provide any procedural special regulation to Section 86 I Hs in the event that a child's mother cites that it is not possible or unreasonable for her to participate in the determination of paternity 1 VwGO, which restricts the administrative court's legal finding in factual terms to the assessment of the evidence provided by the child's mother (4 PA 310/2015 October 26, 2015).
According to a decision by the Bergisch Gladbach District Court, other individual owners do not have to accept a digital peephole with a camera function and smartphone coupling due to their personal rights (even with advice from the police authorities on securing a home in the case of gun possession), because this creates inadmissible monitoring pressure (70 C 17/2015 September 3, 2015).

2016-01-11 According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, in an appointment for the oral hearing, necessary comrades in default can revoke a procedural act carried out by a comrade present with effect for them in the factual instances in subsequent oral hearings (V ZR 76/2014 October 23, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, an application by the debtor for discharge of residual debts made in an insolvency proceedings opened in response to a creditor application cannot be rejected as inadmissible due to late filing of the application if the insolvency court does not inform the debtor in good time about the need for a self-application Has instructed the application for discharge of residual debt and set him a specific judicial deadline for this (IX ZB 3/2015 October 22, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the refutation of deliberately untruthful allegations of exculpation does not in principle constitute a reliable indication of the accused's perpetration, as long as it is not shown why another explanation cannot be considered in the case to be decided or is ruled out as too remote despite conceivability (1 StR 445/2015 September 30, 2015).
According to a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court, two doctors have to pay several 100,000 euros in damages and 100,000 euros in compensation for pain and suffering due to grossly incorrect treatment of a patient (26 U 32/2014 December 4, 2015, among others).
According to a decision by the Berlin-Brandenburg Higher Administrative Court, taxi drivers in Berlin must enable their customers to pay the fare with EC cards or credit cards (January 11, 2016?)
According to a decision by the Lower Saxony Administrative Court, the refusal of the Lower Saxony Office for the Protection of the Constitution to submit the files on a trade union secretary of IG Metall in the Celle-Lüneburg district to the Lüneburg Administrative Court is partially illegal (14 PS 5/20015 January 6, 2016).
According to a ruling by the Kiel Regional Court, a rocker from the Hells Angels who remarried in Thailand is sentenced to four and a half years in prison for serious bodily harm in absentia (January 8, 2016).
According to a decision by the Minden Administrative Court, a former operator of a brothel in Bünde is allowed to set up childcare on her premises (January 8, 2016).
According to a decision by the Neustadt an der Weinstrasse Administrative Court, the Ludwigshafen Section of the German Alpine Club has to have the Ludwigshafener Hütte at Reinigshof in Bruchweiler, which it operates, routinely inspect its drinking water law due to the health risks (4 L 1090/2015 December 28, 2015).
According to a decision by the Berlin Social Court, a widow who received a widow's pension of around 150,000 euros after the death of her husband in 1993 despite not being reported to remarry in California in 1998 has to repay this widow's pension (January 8, 2016).
According to a decision by the competent court in Egypt, Husni Mubarak has been sentenced to three years' imprisonment for corruption, which has already been served.
According to a decision by the European Commission, Belgium has to reclaim around 700 million euros from multinational companies for illegally granted tax benefits (January 11, 2016).
Shire is offering $ 32 billion for Baxalta.
The creditors of the insolvent shipping company Deilmann will initially receive around 6.2 million euros for their claims.
If you don't see something that you have in front of your eyes, it stands to reason that you haven't looked.

2016-01-12 According to a decision by the European Court of Human Rights, the dismissal of a worker (engineer) who writes personal messages on Facebook during working hours is lawful (around January 12, 2016).
After a decision by the Higher Regional Court of Braunschweig, the claim for damages by a private investor against Porsche AG for targeted misinformation about the failed takeover of the Volkswagen group has been dismissed (around January 12, 2016).
According to a decision by the Higher Regional Court of Frankfurt am Main, it is permissible for an Internet provider (e.g. a competition) to obtain consent for the placement of a cookie on a user's computer by means of a pre-formulated declaration in which the user has a preset tick for can delete the consent by actually clicking on it (opt-out) (6 U 30/2015 to January 13, 2016).
According to a decision by the Schleswig-Holstein State Labor Court, a managing director of a temporary employment agency cannot effectively hire himself out as a temporary worker (1 Sa 439b / 2014 December 1, 2015).
According to a decision by the Berlin-Brandenburg Finance Court, a court may waive the individual refutation of the objections of the so-called Reich citizens who do not recognize the Federal Republic of Germany and may simply declare the action largely inadmissible because absurd political statements are made (6 K 6106 / 2015 at January 13, 2016).
According to a decision by the Berlin Administrative Court, police officers of the State of Berlin who are on call overtime can demand full time off without the employer being able to invoke the Overtime Remuneration Ordinance (26 K 58/2014 December 2, 2015).
According to a decision by the Berlin Administrative Court, the Berliner Stadtreinigungsbetriebe (BSR) do not have a monopoly on the commercial collection of bulky waste, but only on mixed waste from private households (10 K 43520 November 2015).
According to a decision by the Mainz Social Court, income from the operation of a solar system is to be offset against an old-age pension, so that you can justify a reimbursement obligation (15 R 389/2015 November 27, 2015).
According to a decision by the Cologne District Court, a participant in an illegal car race in downtown Cologne with a fatal outcome is sentenced to twelve months youth penalty and 16 months youth penalty with probation as well as withdrawal of the driver's license for negligent homicide (around January 12, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Cartel Office, Lego has to pay a fine of 130,000 euros for price pressure on dealers.
The Federal Minister of Economics of Germany allows the merger of Edeka and Tengelmann under certain conditions.
The family senates of the Cologne Higher Regional Court announce their new maintenance guidelines.
In Australia, 34 football club players are retrospectively banned from doping for two years (as of January 12, 2016).
A barrel of Brent crude oil last cost $ 30.43 (January 12, 2016).
The German share index rises again above 10,000 points (January 12, 2016).
Frozen water has been detected on the dwarf planet Ceres between Mars and Jupiter (around January 12, 2016).

2016-01-13 According to a decision by the European Court of Human Rights, five asylum seekers from Afghanistan should not be deported from the Netherlands pending a final decision on their asylum application (13442/2008 January 12, 2016).
Following a decision by the European Court of Human Rights, Hungary's secret surveillance must be reformed within the framework of its anti-terror laws (January 12, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, two general insurance conditions of Allianz AG in Riester contracts are illegal (IV ZR 38/2014 January 13, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the inclusion of an excursion program in a tour operator's welcome folder may indicate a contract offer, so that the tour operator must intervene in the event of damage in the implementation of the additional service (X ZR 4/2015 January 12, 2016).
According to a decision by the Federal Fiscal Court of Germany, unlawfully levied and therefore reimbursed charges under Union law are to be subject to interest from the time of payment (VII R 32/2014 September 22, 2015).
According to a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court, a prisoner who does not work and does not participate in physical exercise is generally not entitled to a daily shower (1 Vollz Ws 458/2015 November 10, 2015).
According to a ruling by the Düsseldorf Tax Court, the tax on the transfer of assets from a domestic permanent establishment to a foreign permanent establishment is lawful (8 K 3664/2011 November 19, 2015).
According to a decision by the competent Austrian court, three young people are sentenced to nine months of conditional imprisonment and 21 months of unconditional imprisonment for robbery and theft.
According to a decision by the competent Hungarian court, three Hungarians have been sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of six Roma with no possibility of early release (around 13 January 2016).
According to a decision by the competent Venezuelan court, all acts of the opposition-ruled parliament are null and void (January 11, 2016).
Following a decision by the World Football Association, General Secretary Jeróme Valcke, who has been suspended since September 2015, has been dismissed for infidelity.
In Germany, the four grocery chains Edeka (47 billion euros), Schwarz (Lidl) (27.7 billion), Rewe (27.6 billion) and Aldi (22.6 billion) share more than 85 percent of the food market .
In 2015, around 24 billion euros were paid for promoting renewable energy in Germany.
Following a decision by the European Commission, infringement proceedings are initiated against Poland in order to protect the rule of law (January 13, 2016).

2016-01-14 According to a decision by the General Court of the European Union, the European Commission setting the export refunds for poultry meat at zero in July 2013 is lawful because the Commission was able to assume a stable market situation in this area (T-397/2013 January 14, 2016 and others) .
According to a decision by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, two constitutional complaints by two landowners of two houses to be demolished against the planned construction of the Weser tunnel on the A 281 are unfounded because the decision for an immersed tunnel instead of a bored tunnel contains an obvious weighing error, but the error has no influence on the weighing result (1 BvR 685/2012 December 16, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, invitations sent by e-mail to people who are not yet members of Facebook with the help of the Facebook function “Find friends” are unlawful advertising that is unlawful under competition law (I ZR 65/2014 January 14, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the conviction of the perpetrators of a robbery on a motorway parking lot near Dessau has largely been overturned (4 StR 72/2015 January 14, 2016).
After a decision by the Berlin-Brandenburg State Labor Court, the lawsuit of two works council members of Amazon Logistik Potsdam GmbH for permanent employment contracts has been dismissed because they have not sufficiently demonstrated that they were not taken on simply because they were members of the works council (23 Sa 1445/2015 14. January 2016 and others)
According to a decision by the Oldenburg Higher Regional Court, connecting a mobile phone to recharge while driving in a motor vehicle is a fine (2 Ss OWI 290/2015 December 7, 2015).
According to a decision by the Munich Higher Regional Court, parents who, as owners of an internet connection, admit copyright infringements by a child by offering a music album on an internet exchange, but do not name the child in question, are responsible for the damage (29 U 2593/2015 January 14, 2016).
A legal dispute between the widow Theo Albrechts and the wife Helge Achenbach over eight passages in a book has been settled out of court before the Cologne Regional Court (January 12, 2016).
After a decision by the competent Swiss court, the complaint in the legal dispute between Adrian Sutil and the Sauber Formula 1 racing team (amount in dispute 3.2 million euros) was accepted and a provisional legal opening was granted.
Kugelmüller-Pugh, Anette is the new judge at the Federal Fiscal Court, Nacke, Alois is the new judge at the Federal Fiscal Court.
According to a decision by the World Football Association, Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid are also not allowed to sign any players in the summer of 2016 and winter of 2016/2017.
Gravitational waves may soon be detectable and could then confirm the general theory of relativity.

2016-01-15 According to a decision by the Court of Justice (of the European Union), a subsequent compatibility test may be required before a construction project can be carried out whose construction site was not yet in a specially protected FHH area at the time of the planning approval decision (e.g. Waldschlösschenbrücke near Dresden), if it is the only appropriate way to prevent significant habitat degradation or species disturbance (C-399/2014 January 14, 2016).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the debtor's residual debt discharge does not preclude the avoidance of the creditors if the creditor has already brought the challenge before the opening of the insolvency proceedings and the challenge concerns legal acts that were carried out before the opening of the insolvency proceedings (IX ZR 301/2014 November 12, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, if liability insurance cover for a motor vehicle with a short-term license plate is granted by the insurer in such a way that a named owner is listed in the insurance certificate, the insurance is limited to vehicles of this owner (IV ZR 429/2014 11 November 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the necessary substantiation has not been achieved because the applicant for independent evidence only makes formal and general statements of fact without relating them to the underlying facts (VI ZB 11/2015 November 10, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Administrative Court of Germany, the prohibition of the Regional Association Gremium Motorcycle Club (MC) Saxony and the four local groups or chapters belonging to it is lawful (1 A 3/2015 January 7, 2016).
According to a decision by the Schleswig Higher Regional Court, if the lock gates of the Kiel Canal were closed due to a defect, a pilot against the Federal Republic of Germany is not entitled to compensation for the loss of earnings (11 U 156/2014 November 26, 2015).
According to a decision by the Lower Administrative Court of Lower Saxony, Etihad Airways is largely allowed to continue the controversial code-share flights with Air Berlin in the 2015/2016 winter flight schedule (7 ME 4/2016 January 15, 2016).
According to a decision by the State Social Court of Hesse, a recipient of Hartz IV benefits with still satisfactory school grades is not yet entitled to additional learning support until the risk of a transfer (9 AS 192/2014 November 13, 2015).
According to a decision by the Lower Saxony Finance Court, the transitional regulation in Section 27 (19) UStG is constitutional and does not violate the non-retroactivity clause (5 K 80/2015 October 29, 2015).
According to a decision by the Trier Administrative Court, the cost calculation in the Bitburg City Statute on the reimbursement of costs for assistance and services by the fire brigade is illegal (6 K 2364/2013 November 20, 2015, among others).
According to a decision by the Munich District Court, a doctor must provide a patient with legible copies of all patient documents against reimbursement (243 C 18009/2014 March 6, 2015).
Insolvency proceedings have been opened against the Hamburg sports club's assets.

2016-01-16 According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the person who harmed an animal owes the injured party (instead of monetary damages) for the costs of the animal treatment that are still to be considered proportionate, for which the individual relationship of the injured party to the damaged animal can be significant (VI ZR 23/2015 27. October 2015).
According to a decision of the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, in the case of an offer of transfer of ownership to the person concerned and the recipient of the declaration's will to acquire property, the acquisition of property by another is also ruled out if the will to acquire property in the internal relationship with the other is contrary to duty (V ZR 240/2014 16. October 2015).
According to a decision of the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, if a basic cost decision made in favor of the defendant becomes ineffective due to a withdrawal of the action, the claim for reimbursement according to § 104 I 2 ZPO is still subject to interest from the time of receipt of a cost fixing request (X ZB 2/2015 22. September 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, a donation associated with a waiver of inheritance is to be regarded as a gift if the amount of the donation roughly corresponds to or exceeds the expected inheritance (X ZR 59/2013 July 7, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Labor Court, if an employment obligation is not fulfilled, the loss of earnings is not part of the indemnifiable damage because Section 615 sentence 1 BGB maintains the claim to remuneration despite non-work (5 AZR 462/2014 June 24, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Social Court of Germany, there are no constitutional concerns against a reduction in unemployment benefit II entitlement by 30 percent of the relevant standard requirement due to a breach of duty (14 AS 19/2014 R April 29, 2015).
According to a decision by the Nuremberg Higher Regional Court, a change in the gender of a person involved in a registered civil partnership and a subsequent marriage with the former civil partner expires the previous civil partnership without a special annulment procedure (11 W 1334/2015 September 21, 2015).
According to a decision by the Oldenburg Higher Regional Court, the purchaser, who is recognized by a recognized expert and who has defects in a work removed by partially new production, is also entitled to reimbursement of the costs incurred for this, even if it subsequently emerges that a more cost-effective removal of defects would have been possible through repair in places (2nd U 15/2015 August 4, 2015).
According to a decision by the Higher Administrative Court of Bautzen, the probable duration of the circumstances that increase the possibility of damage, the place of parking and the value of the vehicle must be taken into account when securing a motor vehicle (3 A 224/2014 August 11, 2015).
According to a ruling by the Meissen District Court, five men and one woman ("Reichsbürger" or German Police Aid) are sentenced to between 10 and 30 months' imprisonment for jointly committed deprivation of liberty and dangerous bodily harm as well as resistance to law enforcement officers and aiding and abetting the abuse of uniforms (15 January 2016).
Iran is fulfilling its part of the nuclear deal, prompting the western industrialized nations to end their previous sanctions.
Bill Gates, Warren Buffett and Carlos Slim want the 62 richest people in the world to own half of the world's wealth, which is why Oxfam is demanding the drainage of all tax havens, whereby the (few) rich as entrepreneurs usually reduce their losses to the ( be able to redistribute countless poor) consumers.
* Piltz, Burghard / Bredow, Jens, Incoterms, 2016
* Special balance sheets, ed. v. Winkeljohann, Norbert et al., 5th A. 2016
* Practical Guide to Architectural Law, ed. v. Thode / Wirth / Kuffer, 2nd A. 2016

2016-01-17 According to a ruling by the European Court of Human Rights, taking into account the difficulties and the diligence of examining the grounds for detention in a procedure in Germany, a pre-trial detention period of 68 months is considerable, but still reasonable (67522/2009 November 6, 2014).
According to a decision by the European Court of Human Rights, the authorities and courts of Turkey did not act with sufficient speed and reasonable care in the event of a fracture of the right lower jaw bone of an injured person by attackers in February 2002 if the perpetrators enjoy complete impunity due to the statute of limitations (2009) ( 25018/2016 October 28, 2014).
According to a decision of the Court of Justice (of the European Union), in proceedings for separation without dissolution of the marriage bond and for divorce, the proceedings are settled before the court seised first in a first Member State (e.g. France) by appealing to the court in the second Member State (e.g. Great Britain) the lis pendens are no longer given and consequently the jurisdiction of the court seised first is to be regarded as not clarified or not established (C-489/2014 A / B October 6, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, a termination that finally denies a complainant a timely decision on his request for legal protection (e.g. because of a time-bound scientific publication) renders the legal protection of the specialized courts ineffective and violates Art. 5, 20 III GG (1 BvR 1983 / 2015 September 3, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Constitutional Court, if an oral hearing is unlawfully not required under simple law, it cannot be ruled out that a different decision would have been made if an oral hearing had been held (1 BvR 366/2015 June 25, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, a company has an obligation to ensure that a capital increase is carried out quickly and properly if it expressly undertakes to carry out the capital increase in a takeover agreement with the participation of all shareholders (II ZR 13/2014 November 3, 2015 ).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, trustor limited partners can demand reimbursement of expenses from the company if they repay company liabilities without any obligation in their internal relationship with the company if they have a legal position corresponding to a direct partner in the internal relationship with the company, with the other trustors and partners (II ZR 403/2013 September 29, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, according to the civil law nature of a claim to which an assumption of guilt is declared, §§ 286ff. BGB applicable if the social welfare institution late fulfills the payment obligation assumed (III ZR 304/2014 May 7, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, documents may also be read out for evidence purposes in accordance with Section 256 I No. 5 StPO if they were not created for the pending criminal proceedings but for another criminal proceedings (5 StR 110/2015 April 13, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the consensual practice of a two-account model between two spouses cannot be concluded. that one spouse wanted to bear all of the financing services alone in relation to the other spouse (XII ZR 160/2012 March 25, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Social Court of Germany, bridging allowance is income and not assets that are disregarded because the exemption limits of Section 12 SGB II are not taken into account (4 AS 22/2014 R April 24, 2015).
In Brandenburg, a referendum against factory farming was successful with around 104,000 signatures (around January 15, 2016).
A participant who was declared brain dead after a drug test in France has died.

2016-01-18 According to a decision by the Federal Fiscal Court of Germany, initial vocational training is completed with the passing of the sergeant's examination and the customary training courses in the context of an activity as a regular soldier do not (again) turn the employment relationship into an apprenticeship relationship (III R 37/2014 June 23, 2015).
After a decision by the Bremen Higher Regional Court, the lawyer commissioned to file the appeal must independently determine the delivery date for the start of the appeal period, although he may not infer the date of service from the date of the receipt stamp of a lawyer commissioned by the first instance (5 UF 72/2015 August 13, 2015).
According to a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court, a person who slightly injures his neighbors in the event of a favor can be claimed for compensation from the insurance company that made the damage (9 U 26/2015 November 17, 2015).
According to a decision by the Higher Administrative Court of Thuringia, the circumstances of conceiving a child cannot in principle justify any particular hardship that would prevent the father from being brought in at the expense of the child welfare organization for inpatient services in favor of the child (3 ZKO 163/2012 March 23, 2015) .
According to a decision by the Higher Regional Court in Koblenz, the conviction of the local politician and entrepreneur Gerhard S. for fraud and delay in bankruptcy to three years in prison is final (2 OLG 4 Sa 198/2015 January 4, 2016).
According to a decision by the Higher Regional Court of Koblenz, if the spouse entitled to compensation declares that they have been offset against the post-marital maintenance received for a transitional period, this leads to the (possibly partial) expiry of the claim to enrichment (13 UF 181/2015 June 10, 2015).
According to a decision by the Münster Finance Court, the result of a beverage calculation at a restaurant using the so-called 30/70 method cannot simply be used to conclude that meals are sold outside the home (4 K 2616/2014 E. G. U. December 4, 2015).
According to a decision by the Münster Finance Court, the amounts paid to a firefighter for unlawfully performed overtime are wages (1 K 1387/2014 E December 1, 2015).
According to a decision by the Augsburg Regional Court, Ulli Hoeneß will be released early from prison on February 29, 2016 for good conduct under probation for three years (January 18, 2016).
According to a decision by the Neustadt an der Weinstrasse Administrative Court, keeping more than two huskies in a general residential area is illegal (3 K 890/2015 January 18, 2016).
According to a decision by the competent Austrian court, a chairman of a Tyrolean sports club has been sentenced to 1440 partial fine for embezzlement of 10,000 euros.

2016-01-19 According to a decision by the European Court of Human Rights, Belgium is temporarily not allowed to deport a rejected asylum seeker from Guinea because of the threats posed to her, but the deportation of the woman born in 1987 to her home country is generally lawful (27081/2013 January 19, 2016).
According to a decision by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, a tenant's constitutional complaint against the obligation to tolerate the installation of smoke alarms in his apartment is not accepted for decision (1 BvR 2912/2015 December 8, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, Section 497 I of the German Civil Code (BGB) in the version valid up to June 10, 2010 excludes the assertion of a prepayment penalty as a replacement for the interest in performance in the event of early termination of a consumer loan due to default (XI ZR 103/2015 January 19, 2016) .
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the general bank contract condition (e.g. Sparkasse Aurich-Norden) that the early repayment penalty does not have to observe special repayment rights is illegal because, on the basis of these terms and conditions, the bank would be compensated for greater damage than it suffered (XI ZR 388/2014 January 19, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the standard developed by the Institute of Auditors in 2005 for the valuation of companies may also be used for earlier reference dates (II ZB 23/2014 January 19, 2016?)
According to a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court, North Rhine-Westphalia must be sentenced to partial damages for violating the obligation to provide information about a dangerous situation for motorcyclists due to an insufficiently non-slip road surface (11 U 166/2014 December 18, 2015).
According to a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court, even in winter temperatures, the owner of a holiday home is not obliged to check the heating in the holiday home so often that even if the heating fails suddenly, no frost damage can occur (5 U 190/2014 December 23, 2015).
According to a decision by the Frankfurt am Main regional court, the discount campaign by the internet service provider myTaxi is illegal (3-06 O 72/2015 January 19, 2016).
According to a decision by the competent Austrian court, a driver who injured two children in Fieberbrunn while it was raining under the influence of alcohol was fined 2400 euros for negligent bodily harm.
According to a decision by the competent Italian court, the auditor Nunzio Scarano has been sentenced to two years in prison for defamation, but has been acquitted of the allegation of corruption (January 18, 2016).
Albers, Wolfgang is provisionally retired as police chief of Cologne because of the events on New Year's Eve and replaced by Jürgen Matheis.

2016-01-20 According to a chamber decision of the European Court of Human Rights, Turkey must respect the protection of journalistic sources and the freedom of expression of the press more and pay the victims 8,000 euros in damages (49085/2005 January 19, 2016).
According to a decision by the Court of Justice (of the European Union), the leniency programs of the European Union and the member states exist independently in competition law (C-428/2014 January 20, 2015).
According to a decision of the General Court of the European Union, the fines of 131 million euros imposed by the European Commission on Toshiba and Mitsubishi Electric for participating in a cartel in the market for gas-insulated switchgear are legitimate (T-404/2012 January 19, 2016 and others).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the protection of the tenant provided for in Section 565 of the German Civil Code when renting the apartment from a commercial sub-tenant does not apply in the event that the apartment is rented by a tenant self-help cooperative as sub-tenant to its members, because these interests are not part of the regulatory purpose of the standard is recorded (VIII ZR 311/2014 January 20, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Administrative Court, late payment surcharges and ancillary costs (e.g. dunning costs, seizure fees, expenses) for a tax notice retroactively do not apply if the administrative court grants preliminary legal protection against a tax notice (9 C 1/2015 January 20, 2016).
According to a decision by the Federal Social Court of Germany, the State Social Court of Berlin-Brandenburg has to check whether a Spaniard who moved to Germany in 2011, according to his statements, lived on savings, attended a course of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees in 2013 to find a job, did not speak German and was unsuccessful in looking for a job, moved to Sweden and then back to Spain, is entitled to social assistance from Germany (14 AS 15/2015 R 20 January 2016).
After a decision by the Federal Social Court of Germany, the State Social Court of Berlin-Brandenburg has to clarify whether a woman from Bulgaria who attended school for four years and worked as a cleaning lady for six months and then moved to Cologne without any knowledge of the German language, where she after various crimes and the birth of twins received 620 euros housing benefit and almost 1,000 euros child benefit and parental benefit, is entitled to social assistance due to permanent residence (14 AS 35/2015 R 20 January 2015).
According to a decision by the State Social Court of Rhineland-Palatinate, if the lump-sum benefit from a life insurance taken out by the employer is invested in the form of direct insurance in an immediate pension insurance for voluntarily insured persons, the lump-sum benefit from the life insurance and the immediate pension in the statutory health insurance and long-term care insurance are subject to contributions (5 KR 84 / 2015 December 3, 2015 December 3, 2015).
According to a preliminary statement by the Greifswald Administrative Court, the contested mayoral election in Greifswald is provisionally effective (January 20, 2016).
B2B Technologies GmbH in Chemnitz, which is currently in liquidation, and its managing director David Jähn have accepted their extensive condemnation of refraining from misleading competition before the Dresden Higher Regional Court.
The Federal President of Germany cautiously moves away from the affirmation of the unlimited welcoming culture of Angela Merkes.
Austria decides on an upper limit for the admission of refugees and Germany is therefore also considering an upper limit.

2016-01-21 According to a ruling by the Court of Justice (of the European Union), the migrant officials violate prejudicial legislation of Cyprus on the pension rights of officials of Cyprus free movement of workers (C-515/2014 January 21, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, parents have no right after the death of a son in a paternity contestation process that has already started to clarify whether he is the biological father of a (e.g. five-year-old) child (1 BvR 2269/2015 23 November 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Administrative Court, the planning approval decision for the Uckermark extra-high voltage line is illegal and incomprehensible because the approach risk for birds has to be examined in a species-specific manner (4 A 5/2014 January 21, 2016).
According to a decision by the Federal Administrative Court of Germany, tax advisors are also allowed to represent their clients in disputes about tourism contributions in court (10 C 17/2014 January 20, 2016).
According to a decision by the Bavarian Constitutional Court, the referendum in favor of the legalization of cannabis as a raw material, medicine and luxury food in Bavaria is illegal because the state legislature is not responsible for the relevant legislation (66-IX-2015 January 21, 2016).
According to a decision by the Lower Administrative Court of Lower Saxony in a legal dispute between the state of Berlin and the district of Hildesheim, no youth welfare benefits are given to Germans abroad if the benefits are actually received in Germany after entry from abroad (4 LB 14/2013 January 20, 2016).
According to a decision by the Administrative Court of Gelsenkirchen, a lack of ability to separate cannabis consumption is still to be assumed from a THC value of 1.0 ng / ml in the blood serum of an occasional user, whereupon the driver's license can be withdrawn (9 K 1253/2015 January 20, 2016 among others).
According to a decision by the Mainz Social Court, the multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome is not a recognizable occupational disease (10 U 130/2014, around January 21, 2015).
According to a decision by the Aachen District Court, five earlier, degrading photos and videos of nurses producing helpless patients are sentenced to imprisonment for up to eight months and a fine of up to 4200 euros (January 21, 2016).
According to a decision by the sports court of the German Football Association, Eintracht Frankfurt is not allowed to bring its own supporters in the first leg of the second leg against Darmstadt 98 due to riots by supporters and the Frankfurt fan block must also remain free at the home game against VfB Stuttgart.
After a decision by the Federal Administrative Court of Austria, the suspension of a possibly innocent woman involved in a drug affair has been lifted (January 21, 2016).
According to a ruling by the competent UK court, the critic Alexander Litvinenko may have been murdered with polonium with Vladimir Putin's consent (around Jan 21, 2016).
According to a decision by the competent Spanish court, Javier Mascherano is sentenced to one year in prison for tax evasion (January 21, 2016).
An important group of creditors is rejecting the offer by the state of Carinthia to buy back senior secured bonds from Bank Heta (Hypo Alpe Adria) for 75 percent of the nominal value and interest.

2016-01-22 According to a decision by the European Court of Human Rights, previous convictions of the broadcaster France Télévisions and the former director general Patrick de Carolis for violating the fundamental right of freedom of expression are unlawful (29323/2010 January 21, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the conviction of the extortionist Uli Hoeneß ‘by the Regional Court of Munich II on September 2, 2015 to three years in prison is lawful (1 StR 603/2015 January 19, 2016).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the conviction of the purchaser of Bankhaus Wölbern for infidelity in 327 cases to 102 months imprisonment by the district court of Hamburg is lawful (5 StR 460/2015 January 13, 2016).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the probate court does not have to investigate on its own initiative whether there are facts justifying the challenge in the event of a challenge to the acceptance of an inheritance according to §§ 1954, 1955, 119 BGB within the scope of the official investigation obligation according to § 26 FamFG which the contestant does not claim himself, whereby if additional reasons are asserted, a new declaration of avoidance is available, the timeliness of which is to be assessed according to the time of its submission (IV ZB 27/2015 December 2, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, if a policyholder asserts that he is entitled to a higher valuation reserve than the valuation reserve paid out by the insurer in accordance with § 153 III VVG upon expiry of a capital-forming life insurance policy, a right to information against the insurer can arise out of good faith, whereby but the insurer's legitimate interest in secrecy may also have to be taken into account (IV ZR 28/2015 December 2, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the architect is bound to a final invoice if the client was allowed to rely on a final calculation of the fee and he has set himself up in a manner worthy of protection in a legitimate way that he can no longer expect a subsequent claim (VII ZR 151/2013 November 19, 2015).
According to a decision by the Berlin Chamber of Commerce, a court (e.g. Berlin-Tiergarten District Court) may not reject the objection in administrative offense proceedings because a medical certificate seems too vague to it (3 Ws B 541/2015 November 16, 2015).
According to a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court, anyone who intentionally smuggles EUR 55,000 in cash into Germany in violation of the Customs Administration Act can be fined EUR 13,200 (4 RBs 320/2015 January 5, 2016).
According to a decision by the Lüneburg Higher Administrative Court, the regulation of the Hanover region on the Ilmeniederung landscape protection area of ​​January 7, 2013 is null and void insofar as it prohibits the establishment of tree nursery crops and requires prior permission from the nature conservation authority for the construction and significant external changes to closed hunting pulpits (4 KN 15 / 2014 January 20, 2016).
According to a decision by the Berlin Administrative Court, the mention of the Pro NRW citizens' movement in the 2012 report for the protection of the constitution by the state of North Rhine-Westphalia was legal (1 K 255/2013 January 21, 2016).
After a decision by the Labor Court in Berlin, the action by the Education and Science Union that the collective bargaining regulations on classification and remuneration between the collective bargaining association of German states and the dbb Beamtenbund und Tarifunion not apply to the employment relationships of the employed teachers is dismissed (21 Ca 11278/2015 16. December 2015).
According to a decision by the competent court in Kosovo, the Serb leader Oliver Ivanovic has been sentenced to nine years in prison for war crimes (January 21, 2016?).
At the request of the beneficiary, the European Commission will withdraw the approval for four GM maize varieties (January 22, 2016).

2016-01-23 According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the conviction of Sanel M. for bodily harm resulting in death to Tugce Albayrak in Offenbach in November 2014 to three years youth penalty is lawful (January 13, 2016?). According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the debtor's obligation to pay compensation to the estate in the insolvency proceedings for the use of his condominium is not an obligation to cooperate under the insolvency code, which would result in failure to discharge the remaining debt if it were violated (IX ZB 59/2014 19. November 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, a claim registered as a claim from the loan contract for the table, if there is a contractual defect, can be prosecuted and determined in the claim determination procedure as a claim from unjustified enrichment (IX ZR 313/2014 November 12, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, all relevant circumstances of the individual case (such as victory or defeat) are to be taken into account in the cost decision to be made at reasonable discretion in inheritance proceedings in accordance with § 81 I FamFG (IV ZB 35/2015 November 18, 2015 ).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, a conscious self-endangerment does not in principle dispense with the duty of the guarantor liable to avert success if the event, which is based solely on self-endangering, develops contrary to expectations towards the loss of legal interest (1 StR 328/2015 August 5, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Labor Court of Germany, the recipient of the declaration is informed of the authorization within the meaning of § 174 sentence 2 BGB if an earlier submitted power of attorney that meets the requirements of § 174 sentence 1 BGB also applies to the later unilateral legal transaction extends, for example to a subsequent termination, unless the recipient of the declaration has in the meantime been notified of the expiry of the power of attorney (6 AZR 492/2014 September 24, 2015).
According to a decision by the Bremen Higher Regional Court, the examination of whether the compensation value of an entitlement to be compensated by internal division is low within the meaning of § 18 II and III VersAusglG must be based on the value before the deduction of half the division costs (5 UF 71/2015 September 8, 2015).
According to a decision by the Lower Administrative Court of Lower Saxony, if the cause of the unlawful favoring of individual examination participants (e.g. a legal examination as a result of the sale of examination texts by a member of the examination office) lies in the sphere of the examination office, it is sufficient for the acceptance of a procedural error if influencing the assessment standard cannot be ruled out with sufficient certainty (2 ME 234/2015 September 29, 2015).
According to a decision by the Berlin Regional Court, the landlord can only demand the evacuation and surrender of the rooms and areas that are actually made available to the subtenant for use, for which at least joint ownership or indirect ownership is a prerequisite, in accordance with Section 940a II ZPO (67 T 149/2015 July 21, 2015).
According to a decision by the Cologne Regional Court, a bicycle owner who leans the bicycle next to parked vehicles only without being chained is violating his duty to maintain safety (11 S 387/2014 25 August 2015).
Google has the preferential right for advertising revenue to be the preset standard search on Apple's iPhones, paid $ 500 million in 2014 (January 22, 2016).
* Land register regulations, ed. v. Hill, 3rd A: 2016
* Mathies, Stefan, Building Insolvency Law, 2015
* Stüer, Bernhard, The development plan, 5th A. 2015
* Medicines Act, ed. v. Kügel, Wilfried / Müller, Rolf-Georg / Hofmann, Hans-Peter, 2nd A. 2016
* Kindl / Meller-Hannich / Wolf, Entire Law of Foreclosure, 3rd A. 2016
* Bartosch, Andreas, EU State Aid Law, 2nd A. 2016

2016-01-24 According to a decision by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, the requirements for a compulsory action according to § 172 III 1 StPO exceed the limit of what is constitutionally permissible if the applicant is to deal with legally irrelevant matters, if he is to gain knowledge of the files, although there is no reason to do so or if he is to reproduce the public prosecutor's decisions or the submissions of the accused in their irrelevant sections or even in their entirety, although their essential content emerges from the application (2 BvR 912/2015 October 21, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, if the application form in accordance with Annex 2 to § 2 sentence 1 No. 2 ZVFV offers a complete entry option with regard to the list of claims, only the specified form must be used (VII ZB 22/2015 November 4, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the insurer can also fulfill the policyholder's right to exemption with regard to the legal remuneration to be borne by a lawyer by promising the policyholder cost protection for a possible fee process between the policyholder and his legal representative (IV ZR 266 / 2014 October 21, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, if a party has initially found a lawyer who is ready to represent it and has given a mandate, in the event of a later resignation, the appointment of an emergency lawyer in accordance with Section 78b of the German Code of Civil Procedure is only possible if the party is not responsible for the resignation (V. ZR 82/2015 September 16, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the person concerned (e.g. a stock corporation) can in principle claim the interferer not only to correct, but also to delete or work towards deleting unlawful factual allegations that can be accessed on the Internet in order to remedy a condition of ongoing damage to its reputation (VI ZR 340/2014 July 28, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the mere possession of an assistant who was commissioned by the main perpetrator to steal and transport the narcotics to the main perpetrator is not sufficient to complete the main offense (3 StR 182/2015 June 11, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, Section 1 of the Law on Discounts for Medicinal Products is constitutional and does not violate either professional freedom or the principle of equality (I ZR 127/2014 April 30, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, the pharmaceutical entrepreneur's duty to ensure a uniform sales price regulated in § 78 III Hs. 1 does not exist if the prices and price ranges of the drug price regulation according to § 1 III or IV AMPreisV do not have to be adhered to (I ZR 185 / 2013 March 5, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Labor Court, the fact that an employee was granted a pension for full disability within the meaning of Section 43 II SGB VI does not in itself prove the objective uselessness of a company integration management (2 AZR 565/2014 May 13, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Labor Court of Germany, the violation of labor law reporting obligations (e.g. via pre-trial detention) can justify termination of the employment relationship (2 AZR 517/2014 March 26, 2015).
According to a decision by the Constitutional Court of Saxony, a witness must only accept encroachments on his right to informational self-determination as evidence in a criminal investigation if this is based on a legal basis and is within the limits of proportionality, and can publish a photograph of a witness be incompatible with personal data with their right to informational self-determination (54-IV-2014 August 27, 2015).
Based on an agreement with the tax authorities, Google will pay around 170 million euros in the UK for a period of ten years (January 24, 2016).

2016-01-25 According to a ruling by the German Federal Supreme Court, the Limburg Regional Court has justified the conviction of a defendant for the joint murder of a Rwandan national in a shelter for the homeless, so that the appeal has been rejected (2 StR 449/2015 January 14, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, temporary unemployment of the person liable for maintenance does not interrupt the maintenance chain for supplementary maintenance, even if the income of the person liable for maintenance falls as a result of unemployment to such an extent that there is temporarily no longer any difference between the full maintenance - influenced by the decrease in income the marital living conditions and the creditable income of the dependent (XII ZR 6/2015 November 4, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Court of Justice of Germany, the appellant in need of legal aid is prevented from filing an appeal in a timely manner if he has lodged an inadmissible personal appeal and applied for legal aid for it, whereby the appeal court must first decide on the legal aid applied for before it the appeal rejected as inadmissible (XII ZB 289/2015 November 4, 2015).
According to a decision by the Dresden Higher Regional Court, the cable network operator PrimaCom Berlin GmbH in Leipzig is no longer allowed to advertise prices that do not include and clearly disclose all the fees to be paid in the service package (14 U 1425/2015 January 12, 2016).
According to a decision by the Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court, the non-profit research center in German-speaking countries has a legitimate interest in inspecting the land register with regard to certain savings bank transactions (I-3 Wx 179/2015 October 7, 2015).
According to a decision by the Hamm Higher Regional Court, a seller of the Amazon Internet platform acts in an anti-competitive manner if the Amazon sales offer is advertised to third parties by means of e-mails sent by the platform's recommendation function, who have not expressly consented to receiving the advertising e-mails beforehand (4 U 59/2015 July 9, 2015).
According to a decision by the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court, the sentence of doubt in favor of the minority of an unaccompanied refugee only takes effect if the court decides that it has exhausted all possible and permissible under the circumstances and under the circumstances to clarify (e.g. X-ray of a hand regarding the closure of the growth joints at 18 Years) cannot provide sufficient certainty about the actual age of the person concerned (18 UF 92/2015 August 26, 2015).
According to a decision by the Frankenthal Regional Court, the penalty of the twenty-four-year-old finder of a treasure from the migration period near Rülzheim in the southern Palatinate region worth around one million euros for embezzlement of 15 months' imprisonment with probation has been reduced to 8 months.
Following an urgent ruling by the Düsseldorf Administrative Court, the Mayor of Düsseldorf is obliged to convene the City Council immediately and ask for advice on a possible revocation of the special use permit issued at the beginning of January 2016 for the construction and operation of a Ferris wheel on Corneliusplatz from January 18, 2016 ( 1 L 103/2016 January 20, 2016).
According to a decision by the Regional Administrative Court of Tyrol, Alexander Dibelius is prohibited from acquiring the Alm in Kirchberg due to the lack of the required cattle.
According to an expert opinion by the German Bundestag's scientific service, Germany is not allowed to turn away all refugees (and who ever wanted to?).
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (legal scholar and journalist) was elected President of Portugal with around 52 percent of the votes cast.
The parliament of Libya rejects the plan agreed by the parties to the dispute to form a unity government.
† Schröder, Rainer, November 22, 1947 - January 17, 2016 (unexpected for all of us)

2016-01-26 According to a decision by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany, the principle of guilt as an expression of the guarantee of human dignity must also be upheld in the extradition procedure determined by the law of the European Union (e.g. a citizen of the United States of America to Italy), which the Federal Constitutional Court in the The identity check must ensure that the extradition ruling of the Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court is overturned and the court has to carry out further investigations (2 BvR 2735/2014 December 15, 2015).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, lawyers must present the legal aspects that speak for their clients as comprehensively as possible in addition to the factual aspects (IX ZR 272/2014 December 10, 2015).
According to a decision by the Federal Labor Court of Germany, no decision on the collective bargaining competence of unions of the German Trade Union Federation for temporary work has been made in the proceedings for the action of a temporary worker from Erlangen requesting information about the payment of the permanent workforce in a company, but the action was dismissed as inadmissible for formal reasons (1 ABR 13/2014 January 26, 2016?).
After a decision by the State Constitutional Court of Saxony-Anhalt, the state government of Saxony-Anhalt violated the parliamentary right to ask questions and the right to information with its response to a small question by two members of the state parliament about the amount of investment for facilities for integration assistance for disabled people and their distribution among the individual facility providers. because she did not answer in full and did not provide sufficient reasons (6/2015 January 25, 2016).
According to a ruling by the Koblenz Administrative Court, an officer who already has a blood glucose meter and who is suffering from diabetes mellitus is not entitled to financial aid for the additional purchase of a tissue glucose meter, because this device primarily serves to improve the quality of life and is not required in the case decided (5 K 756/2015 January 15, 2016).
Following a decision by the competent court in Kuwait, Sheikh Ahmad Al Sabah's conviction of defamation to six months' imprisonment has been overturned.
The Danish parliament decides to significantly tighten the asylum law.
JP Morgan to pay Lehman Brothers $ 1.42 billion to settle litigation.
JP Morgan agrees to pay Ambac $ 995 million to settle disagreement.
By interconnecting radio telescopes, researchers achieve a resolution with which a two euro coin would be seen on the moon (if it were there).

2016-01-27 According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, there is no prima facie evidence of grossly negligent behavior on the part of the account holder in the event of improper use of online banking (XI ZR 91/2014 January 26, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Fiscal Court, a room in an apartment that is only temporarily used for business purposes cannot be partially tax-deductible as a study (1/2014 January 27, 2016).
According to a decision by the Nuremberg Higher Regional Court, Taxizentrale Nürnberg eG may not forbid its affiliated taxi companies to transfer their GPS position data to the myTaxi app during a trip arranged by the taxi center or to advertise myTaxi on taxis (1 U 907/2014 22 January 2016).
According to a decision by the Higher Administrative Court of North Rhine-Westphalia, two former members of the Board of Directors of the General Student Committee of the University of Bochum have to pay compensation for significant losses when organizing a cafeteria party due to grossly negligent violation of budgetary obligations, but the student parliament has to bear half of the loss due to contributory negligence (15 A 333 / 2014 January 26, 2016).
According to a decision by the Higher Administrative Court of North Rhine-Westphalia, the commercial collection of bulky waste is illegal under the Recycling Management Act (20 A 318/2014 January 26, 2016 and others).
According to a decision by the Higher Administrative Court of Rhineland-Palatinate, the land surveying and cadastral office has no discretion when determining parcel boundaries if there are several possible border courses, which is why the sovereign border determination must be made by decision of the competent civil court if the border is unclear (1 A 10955/2013 January 13, 2016) .
According to a decision by the State Social Court of North Rhine-Westphalia, the restriction of the recognition of child-rearing periods to children born before January 1, 1992 is constitutional (21 R 374/2014 December 15, 2015).
According to a ruling by the Kassel Regional Court, a defendant is sentenced to twelve years' imprisonment and subsequent preventive detention for the sexual abuse of minors (January 26, 2016).
According to a decision by the Nuremberg-Fürth Regional Court, Telekom does not have to take back 19733 phone cards with the motif Cloudless against payment of the face value of the cards (1000 835.63 euros), because there is no defect if the cards cannot be used with value-added services or special services (17 O 3451/2014 January 12, 2016).
According to a decision by the competent Austrian court, an eighteen-year-old defendant from Afghanistan has been sentenced to 20 months' imprisonment and 5,000 euros in compensation for pain and suffering for raping a pensioner.
According to a decision by the competent Austrian court, a former lawyer has been fined 1440 euros for defamation of an interpreter (January 27, 2016?).
According to a decision by the competent court in the United States of America, Bikram Choudhury has been sentenced to 5.97 million euros in damages for bullying.
The Federal Minister of the Interior of Germany bans the Internet platform Altermedia Germany because of racist, xenophobic and anti-Semitic statements.

2016-01-28 According to a decision of the Court of Justice (of the European Union), a national regulation (e.g. Italy) on games of chance may violate the principle of proportionality if it obliges the licensee to provide someone else with the equipment for accepting bets free of charge (C. -375/2014 January 28, 2016).
According to a decision by the Court of the European Union, Austria's guarantee to Landesbank Bayern in the context of its restructuring with regard to the Landesbank Bayern credit lines in favor of Hypo Group Alpe Adria is state aid, but it is lawful, so that Austria's action against the Approval of the restructuring by the European Commission has been rejected (T-427/2012 January 28, 2016).
According to a decision by the German Federal Constitutional Court, a bundling of posts in which one post is assigned to several status offices and salary groups is only lawful if there is an objective reason (e.g. in mass administration) for it (2 BvR 1958/2013 December 16, 2015 ).
According to a decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, apps for mobile devices such as smartphones can have work title protection, but the name wetter.de is not sufficiently original and distinctive (e.g. compared to wetter-de, Wetter DE or WETTER-DE) (I ZR 202 / 2014 January 28, 2016).