What is Argentina
Country info: Argentina
Argentina is derived from the Latin ARGENTUM and means something like silver country. Argentina, formerly inhabited by Indians, belonged to the Inca culture. European settlers were magically attracted by this name as early as the colonial days. The first Europeans arrived at the beginning of the 16th century and founded the capital Buenos Aires in 1536. Between 1776 and 1816 the country was under Spanish administration, the then beginning war of liberation lasted until 1820.
The interior of the country consists of wide, lush grassland, which is in the local language Pampas called. Grain is grown there and large herds of cattle graze on the lush grass. Like the cowboys in North America, the gauchos tend the huge herds of cattle here. They have their own dances with a quick and complicated sequence of steps.
From Berlin to the capital Buenos Aires it is - as the crow flies - 11871 km.
The northeast of the country is almost tropical. The Andes, which shape the country, are semi-arid in the north and snowy in the south. The lowland in the west lies in the rain shadow of the Andes and is therefore very dry. The pampas have a mild climate with heavy rainfall in summer that nourishes the grassy landscape.
In Patagonia, in the southernmost part of America, lies the Los Glaciares National Park with its 13 glaciers. The largest of the glaciers is the Perito Moreno. He is one of the few on earth who is still growing. This area also belongs to Chile and Argentina.
At the Iguazu, the water masses plunge into the depths three times as wide as Niagara Falls. Iguazu means in the language of the Guarana Indians great water. The Ruta 40 is one of the longest and most famous highways in the world. Built in 1935, it leads a total of 5,200 kilometers across Argentina from the Bolivian border to deep south.
Since Argentina is one of the leading countries in cattle breeding, most people eat beef every day, often straight from the grill. Stuffed roast beef, empanadas and pies with meat or vegetables, as well as corn and potatoes, are also popular.
The national drink of the Argentines is mate. This tea is made from the leaves of a shrub that the natives of South America already knew.
School attendance is compulsory for children between 6 and 14 years of age. The secondary level leading to higher education entrance qualification lasts 5 to 7 years and is voluntary. Argentina had one of the best education systems in South America for many years, but the state spends less and less money on schools. That is why the buildings are often dilapidated and there are no teachers or books. That is why many children no longer go to school, help their parents or tend goats. Children whose parents can afford it go to private school.
The Argentines love football. In 1978 the team won the world championship in their own country, and in 1986 they became world champions again in Mexico. The second most popular sport in Argentina is rugby.
The revolutionary leader Manuel Belgrano invented the blue and white color of the flag. He lived from 1770 to 1820 and heaven is said to have sent him the idea of the colors for a flag when he looked at it. With these colors on May 25, 1810, crowds of people roamed the streets of Buenos Aires demanding freedom for the country. It is said that back then the clouds parted to reveal a blue sky and bright sun.
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