What languages ​​are spoken in Chad

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Surface: 1,284,000 km² (land: 1,259,200 km², water: 24,800 km²), one of the largest countries in Africa.

Population: 10.8 million inhabitants (July 2011, CIA). There are almost 200 different peoples in Chad, most of whom speak their own languages ​​or dialects. The north is largely Arab-Islamic, the south, on the other hand, black-African-animist and also Christian. The largest races are the Sara (27.7%), Arabs (12.3%), Mayo-Kebbi (11.5%) and Kanem-Bornou (9%).
In the north of Chad, semi-nomadic cattle breeding is dominant, while in the southern part of the country predominantly arable farming is practiced.

Population density: 8.4 inhabitants per km², one of the lowest values ​​in Africa.

Growth of population: 2.009% per year (2011, CIA).

Capital: N’Djaména (753,000 inhabitants in 2006, 1.4 million in the entire metropolitan area).

The highest point: Emi Koussi, 3,415 m

Lowest point: Djourab Depression, 160 m

Form of government: On August 11, 1960, Chad gained independence from France and declared itself a presidential republic. A new constitution was drawn up in 1996. The National Assembly is made up of 155 MPs who are elected every four years.

Administrative structure: 18 regions: Batha, Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti, Chari-Baguirmi, Guera, Hadjer-Lamis, Kanem, Lac, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mandoul, Mayo-Kebbi Est, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Moyen-Chari, Ouaddai, Salamat , Tandjile, Ville de N'Djamena and Wadi Fira.

Head of Government: Prime Minister Djimrangar Dadnadji, since January 21, 2013

Head of State: President Idriss Déby, since December 2, 1990

Language: The official languages ​​in Chad are French (spoken only by the educated upper class) and Arabic (mother tongue for 26% of the population). The Sara language is widespread in the south. There are also more than 120 regional languages ​​and dialects, and many speak several languages.
Religion:Muslims (53.1%, mainly Sunnis), Catholics (20.1%), Protestants (14.2%), followers traditional African religions (7.3%), others (0.5%), unknown (1.7%), atheists (3.1%) (1993 census).
Local time: CET
There is no summer or winter time change in Chad.
The time difference to Central Europe is 0 h in winter and -1 h in summer
Telephone area code: 00235 or +235

Mains voltage: 220/380 V, 50 Hz, but the power supply (especially in rural regions) is not always guaranteed.