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The United Nations

The central advisory body of the UN is the General Assembly. It approves the budget, appoints the UN Secretary General and decides on the filling of central offices.

The United Nations General Assembly. License: cc by-nc-nd / 3.0 / de /

Every year from September to December, delegates from the UN member states come together for the regular annual meeting of the General Assembly to debate global political issues. After this time has elapsed, meetings will continue as required. At the start of the annual meeting, heads of government and members of government often travel to the city with great media interest. Most of the political work, however, is done by diplomats.

Each member state has one vote in the General Assembly, regardless of its population, economic strength or military strength. In order to structure the work, the General Assembly has numerous sub-organs. The most important are the six committees for disarmament and international security (1st main committee), economy and finance (2nd main committee), social, humanitarian and cultural issues (3rd main committee), special political questions and decolonization (4th main committee), Administration and Budget (5th Main Committee) and Law (6th Main Committee).

According to the UN Charter, a simple or even a two-thirds majority is required for decisions, depending on the scope. Very often, decisions are made by consensus, i.e. unanimously. The resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly are - unlike those of the Security Council - not binding on the UN member states under international law. But because the majority of all states support the decisions, they have political weight.

The UN General Assembly deals with all global political issues that fall under the UN Charter - provided these are not already dealt with in the Security Council. In addition to shaping customary international law, the most important tasks of the UN General Assembly are the review and approval of the budget including the determination of contribution rates, the appointment of the UN Secretary General (on the proposal of the Security Council) and the election of the non-permanent members of the Security Council. The General Assembly also elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.

Another main body of the United Nations is the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), whose 54 members are elected by the General Assembly from among the UN member states. The Economic and Social Council is subordinate to the General Assembly and acts, among other things, as a link to numerous sub-organizations, subsidiary bodies, funds and programs of the United Nations. His job is to advise and coordinate on social, economic and cultural issues as well as on topics in the areas of health, education and human rights.

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External links

  • Homepage of the General Assembly:
  • Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation: