Who does mining

Mining and raw materials

Compared to the previous year, there was again less oil and gas produced in 2017. The decline in production is due to the increasing exhaustion of the large deposits and the associated natural decline in production as well as the lack of new discoveries.

The production of natural gas in 2017 was 7.9 billion m³ (Vn) raw gas, or 7.2 billion m³ (Vn) standardized pure gas with a standardized calorific value of Ho = 9.77 kWh / m³ (Vn). This means a reduction of 8.6 percent raw gas (7.9 percent pure gas) compared to 2016. The further decrease in production is mainly due to the increasing exhaustion of the existing deposits. Noteworthy new finds
conventional deposits have not materialized in recent years. Lower Saxony's share in Germany's raw gas production was around 94 percent in 2017.

The production of natural gas was around 22 billion m³ in 2003, has been decreasing steadily since 2004 and in the 2017 reporting year was only 36 percent of this volume. Domestic natural gas production thus only contributes around 7 percent to covering natural gas consumption.

Natural gas and oil gas production 2011 to 2017

yearnatural gasPetroleum gasTotal (natural gas)FieldsConveyor probes
1000 m³ (Vn)1000 m³ (Vn)1000 m³ (Vn)
201112 872 53379 67112 952 20481494
201211 705 66178 19711 783 85781497
201310 677 86972 74310 750 61278498
201410 060 02566 61810 126 64377494
20159 322 97364 6529 387 62477476
20168 608 22564 5588 672 78277469
20177 869 82562 4347 932 25977449

Source: LBEG "Petroleum and Natural Gas in the Federal Republic of Germany 2017"

In 2017, 2.22 million tons of crude oil were extracted in Germany. Oil production fell by around 140,000 tons compared to the previous year. Domestic oil production contributed around 2.0 percent (112.5 million tons) to covering domestic oil consumption.

Oil and gas production 2011 to 2017

yearPetroleum / condensatePetroleum gasFieldsConveyor probes
Million tonsMillion m³ (Vn)
20112,67979,671 491122
20122,62178,197491083
20132,63872,743491077
20142,43066,618501066
20152,41364,652501031
20162,35564,55850991
20172,21862,434501000

Source: LBEG "Petroleum and Natural Gas in the Federal Republic of Germany 2017"

The most important oil production areas in Germany are in Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony. In 2017, the oil fields of these two federal states together produced 2.0 million tons of oil, which corresponds to 91 percent of total German production. With the Mittelplate / Dieksand field, Schleswig-Holstein is still the federal state with the highest levels of funding. Although production declined compared to 2016 (68,000 tons less), the field covered around 55.6 percent of domestic oil production. Lower Saxony also produced around 14,000 tons less than in 2016, which corresponds to a share of the total production of 35.5 percent.

Around 8,400 highly qualified employees work in the areas of exploration, extraction and storage of natural gas and crude oil in companies in the German oil and gas extraction industry.

In addition, there is an estimated double the number of employees from the supply and service sectors. For more information on natural gas and oil supplies, see here.