Who is Salvador Dali
"Every morning when I wake up, I experience the greatest joy: namely to be Salvador Dalí ..." This egocentric statement came from the Catalan, who was addicted to fame and gold and had painted a lot and talked a lot. His favorite subject: How to become a genius. His conclusion: "Oh Salvador, you know now, if you play the genius, then you will become one!". His megalomania knew no bounds.
Salvador Dalí is one of the most popular artists in the world, known for his decadent lifestyle, his mustache, his provocative attitudes and his bizarre, surrealist images.
The artist Salvador Dalí, his real name is Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, was born in Figueras (north of Catalonia) in 1904. His parents had given him the first name Salvador "the savior" because, in their opinion, he was chosen to be a savior of painting. The threat of abstract art or academic surrealism up to Dadaism and all other anarchies should be faded in with his art.
Salvador Dali's childhood and adolescence
His parents adored him and read his every wish from his eyes. He was the absolute ruler of the house and a chronically spoiled child. 1921-1926 he studied at the Art Academy in Madrid. Until 1927 his works show the influence of French Cubism and Italian Futurism. He is also based on Dutch painting of the 17th century. In addition, Salvador Dalí deals intensively with Sigmund Freud's theories of psychoanalysis. In 1927 he painted "Honey is sweeter than blood", which heralded Dalí's development as a surrealist painter.
Daydreams in school.
Dalí came from a family of storytellers who glossed over their origins to make an impression. Following the family tradition, Dalí designed his own mythology and decorated his childhood anew with color, intrigue and gloom. The school performance was rather poor because he preferred to deal with daydreams. When he was six he wanted to be a chef. With seven years Napoleon and finally he decided to become a genius in order to be admired in the world.
At the age of twenty, Dalí devoted himself to literature and devoured a large number of books, including the most important works of the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. From then on, his pictures appeared to illustrate Freud's studies of psychoanalysis. Dalí did not have an innate style, rather he cultivated his own style, based on the nonconformism and sensitivity, both of which arose from his childish mind.
Dalí and the Surrealists
In 1928 Dalí was in Paris for the first time, where he was introduced to the circle of surrealists by his compatriot and also an important artist, Joan Miró. A year later, Dalí moved to Paris and established himself as the most important member of a surrealist artist group. The surrealists used painting as a means of expression for psychoanalytically founded theories. Dreamlike, unconscious, absurd and fantastic are characteristics of literary, visual and cinematic surrealism. By 1929, Dali had found his personal style that would make him famous - the world of the subconscious that is brought back during our dreams. Images of burning giraffes and melting clocks became Dali's trademark. His great technical ability allowed him to paint his pictures in an almost photorealistic style.
The paranoid-critical method created by Salvador Dalí represented the manipulation of conventional images either through breaking up or through decay. An equally important discovery added that what is known as "paranoid" or "double images" is, in Dalí's words, "The Representation of an object which, without the slightest figurative or anatomical change, is at the same time the representation of another object. " These ambiguous images are paintings like: The invisible man, the invisible man, The endless Enigma, the endless riddle, or the famous, soft clockwork in the painting called La persistencia de la memoria, the persistence of memory. He called it "hand-painted dream photos" in which hard objects become inexplicably limp and soft.
Salvador Dalí in the USA
In 1933 Salvador Dali had his first solo exhibition in New York. A year later he visits the USA for the first time, the trip was made possible thanks to a loan of $ 500 from his friend Pablo Picasso. Dali spent the years of the Second World War permanently in the USA. There he had a number of spectacular exhibitions, including a large retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. But he got even more media attention by playing the role of the surrealist clown. He earned a lot of money and therefore got the contemptuous nickname "Avida Dollars" (greedy for dollars). He became the darling of American high society and celebrities such as Jack Warner and Helena Rubinstein let him portray him. In addition to painting, he got involved in other activities such as the fashion designs he made for Coco Chanel or a film with Alfred Hitchcock.
Salvador Dalí in Spain
After Salvador Dalí returned to Spain in 1948, he turned mainly to religious and mythological subjects and thereby professed his belief in Catholicism. In the early 1970s, Dalí worked intensively on three-dimensional works and experimented with holographic collages. The feature that appears in almost all of Salvador Dalí's works is the beach and it has its origins in a Catalan fishing village called Cadaqués. This picturesque town, with facades in brilliant white, was an important source of inspiration for Dalí. His family spent there every summer and Dalí had been in love and infatuated with this place and its surroundings from a young age. It was kind of his childhood paradise. Cap de Creus is the name of the peninsula with the easternmost point of Spain, where the pretty town is to be found and depending on the time of day and sunlight, numerous animal figures, faces or other curious objects appear in the surrounding rocks by the sea. The rock is pierced by the north wind and looks like individual oversized, perforated pieces of cheese. Dalí saw the landscape as "a grandiose geological delirium". In 1929 he wanted to move to Cadaqués with his lover, but his father disagreed with this relationship and arguments, he contacted all local hoteliers in Cadaqués to ensure that none of them would rent a room to his son. For this reason, Dalí bought a small "barraca" (fisherman's hut) in 1930 near Portlligat, where he and Gala had lived for over 40 years. Today the house is accessible as a museum and the visitor gets a slight inkling of the wild, obsessive years Dalís in which he initiated private gazettes to give space to his hedonism.
Dalí and his muse Gala
With the Surrealists he met the Russian Elena Diakonova, better known as Gala. Gala became the longtime partner, muse, inspiration and obsession of the eccentric artist. From then on, Gala determined the life and work of Dalí, who allegedly had never been with a woman before and had a rather crooked relationship to sexuality. In 1935 the two married in a civil ceremony and then in church in 1958. Gala drove him on, regulated his business, and she taught Dali “how to get dressed and not lose your money all the time.” The master thanked him in his own way: in his paintings almost all of the female figures, Madonnas and even Jesus Christ carry them Facial features of Gala.
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