What are Armenia's biggest problems at the moment?

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Current

Border conflict with Azerbaijan

On May 12, 2021, a border incident between Armenian and Azerbaijani troops occurred in the controversial border area between Armenia and Azerbaijan on the Black Lake (Sev Lich State Sanctuary), three kilometers before the village of Verishen (near Goris).

  • Note the applicable partial travel warning.
  • Be especially careful on the main road between Sisian and Goris.
  • Avoid all back roads in the direction of the Schwarzer See.

COVID-19

The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.

Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Armenia will be currently warned.

Epidemiological situation

Armenia was severely affected by COVID-19, but the number of new infections has fallen again. Nationwide, the number of new infections until recently exceeded 200 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in seven days, which is why Armenia is classified as a risk area. The Armenian Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide current and detailed figures.

entry

Entry into Armenia is permitted with a negative PCR test carried out abroad, which must not be older than 72 hours upon entry. The result of the foreign test must be in English, Russian or Armenian. Instead of the PCR test, a complete proof of vaccination against COVID-19 can be presented, the 2nd vaccination of which has been given no later than 14 days before entry. No PCR test is required for children under one year of age. Without proof of such a foreign test, travelers must undergo a paid test at the airport in Yerevan and go into self-isolation until a negative test result is presented. Corresponding test sites have been set up in the arrival hall. Entry into Armenia without a test is not permitted.

Upon entry, travelers must submit or fill out a declaration of their health status.

Further information can be found on the website of the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Transit and onward travel

The land border to Georgia is currently closed, the one to Iran is only passable with strict health requirements. The borders to Turkey and Azerbaijan have been permanently closed for years.

Travel connections

Yerevan International Airport is open with reduced air traffic.

Restrictions in the country

There are no particular restrictions within the country due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Hygiene rules

Distance rules must be observed and mouth and nose protection must be worn indoors and outdoors.

  • Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. High fines can be imposed if the hygiene regulations are violated.
  • Review your travel plans and contact your tour operator or airline. Find out about detailed measures and additional information from the Armenian Government (in English) and the Health and Labor Inspectorate of the Republic of Armenia (in Armenian).
  • Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
  • When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, proof and, if necessary, quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the relevant company or your tour operator, and if you are entering from a risk area, contact the health department of your residence or travel agency Place of residence. Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.

Security - Partial Travel Warning

There are currently warnings against traveling to the entire border area with Azerbaijan and the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

Travel to the rest of the country is currently not recommended.

terrorism

Domestic situation

Nagorno-Karabakh region (including the occupied territories)

From the end of September to the beginning of November 2020, fighting broke out in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, claiming numerous victims and causing damage outside these areas as well. The fighting has ceased on November 9, 2020. Germany does not recognize the so-called "Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh" under international law. Neither the Yerevan embassy nor the Baku embassy can provide consular assistance or assistance in Nagorno-Karabakh. There can always be exchanges of fire at the armistice line, and there is also a risk of mines.
Entry into Nagorno-Karabakh without a corresponding Azerbaijani permit is a criminal offense under Azerbaijani law. Travelers whose passports contain visas and / or entry stamps of the so-called "Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh" will not be issued a visa for entry into Azerbaijan. In principle, this regulation is also applied if the Azerbaijani authorities become aware of trips to Nagorno-Karabakh or the surrounding Azerbaijani areas occupied by Armenian armed forces by other means. Violations of the ban on entry to Nagorno-Karabakh also face fines and imprisonment, which the Azerbaijani security authorities can enforce through extradition requests to third countries.

  • Definitely avoid traveling to the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

Border area with Azerbaijan

In northeastern Armenia, the M16 national road (via Noyemberyan in the direction of the Armenian-Georgian border crossing Bagratashen / Sadakhlo) runs near the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan. There have been repeated exchanges of fire on this part of the national border in the past, most recently in the Tavush / Tovuz area in mid-July 2020 with dead and wounded on both sides, including civilians.

In the south-east of the country the national road M2 runs from Goris via Shurnukh to Kapan partly over Azerbaijani territory or over areas with as yet unclear borders.

Visiting so-called "border regions" (restricted military area) is subject to restrictions (including a ban on film and photography) and requires a permit. Since December 1, 2020, when the occupied territories were returned to Azerbaijan, the entire eastern border of Armenia became the border area with Azerbaijan.

  • Avoid the border area with Azerbaijan.
  • Contact the German embassy in Yerevan in good time for visits to border districts that are necessary for business / official reasons.
  • Observe the situation closely and use alternative routes to the Armenian-Georgian border if possible, e.g. B. the short bypass route of about five kilometers between the villages of Baghanis and Voskapar.
  • Avoid the M2 between Goris and Kapan and instead use the H 45 via Tatev and Arachadzor.

Rest of the country

The domestic political situation in the Republic of Armenia is currently tense.

  • Find out about the local media.
  • Avoid demonstrations widely.
  • Follow the instructions of local security guards.

crime

Armenia stands out as a country with a low level of violent crime. Petty crimes such as pickpockets, especially from vehicles and houses, occur.

  • Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
  • Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
  • Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations, in the subway, on the bus and watch out for your valuables.
  • Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.

Nature and climate

Armenia is in a seismically active zone, so earthquakes can occur.

There are different local climates due to the mountain relief. In valleys and in the foothills (including Yerevan) there is a dry continental climate with hot summers, especially in the north-west there are cold, rapid winters.

  • Always observe prohibitions, information signs and warnings as well as the instructions of local authorities.
  • Familiarize yourself with earthquake behaviors. These are provided by the fact sheets of the German Research Center for Geosciences.

Travel info

Infrastructure / traffic

Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.

There are train and bus connections, but there are often delays.

The roads in the capital, Yerevan, are generally in good condition. There are still many sources of danger, especially in rural areas. These include Defective traffic lights, missing manhole covers, inadequate signage, missing guard rails and landslides, which can occur especially in the winter months and after rainfall, as ditches or sewers are mostly missing, especially on mountain roads. Rockfall warning signs should be taken seriously. The alcohol limit is 0.0. The national emergency number is 911.

Traffic rules are often ignored in Armenia, the risk of accidents is considerably higher than in Germany. Armenian drivers often give the impression that they are driving with little concentration.

The Armenian motor vehicle liability insurance only has coverage of approx. 3,000 € for property damage, so that accident victims can usually not expect to receive adequate compensation.

  • Avoid driving off the main roads in the dark.
  • Drive extremely carefully and defensively.
  • Make sure you have adequate insurance cover (accident, comprehensive insurance).

Driving license

The national German driving license is sufficient. It is recommended that you bring your international driving license with you, which is only valid in conjunction with your national driving license.

LGBTIQ

Despite the decriminalization of homosexual acts among adults, LGBTIQ members are still exposed to social pressure, even if there is no targeted state discrimination. There have been isolated cases of attacks on LGBTIQ members. However, no cases of assault on tourists are known.

Legal specifics

Gun and drug possession and prostitution are criminal offenses. Photographing and making video recordings of military, police and infrastructure facilities (e.g. border crossings and the Yerevan metro systems) should be avoided.

Conscription

Every Armenian man is legally obliged to do Armenian military service. This also applies to German-Armenians, i.e. dual nationals. It does not matter whether the dual nation has ever stayed in Armenia before or grew up exclusively in Germany and had little reference to Armenia before his visit. Dual nationals should have clarified their military service matters before entering Armenia, otherwise problems may arise when leaving Armenia. The clarification of military service matters can take several months. The embassy points out that German-Armenians in Armenia are considered to be Armenians and are subject to Armenian laws. Help is only possible to a very limited extent.

German men of Armenian origin who have carried out a naturalization procedure in Germany and have a certificate from the Armenian embassy in Berlin regarding release from Armenian citizenship should also carry this certificate with them as proof when traveling to Armenia. In such cases, there may occasionally be problems with leaving the country due to Armenian register adjustments that have not yet taken place until the military service issues have been resolved. The embassy supports those affected with official inquiries to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, but has no influence on the processing time of the Armenian authorities, which can take several weeks.

With the imposition of martial law in Armenia on September 27, 2020, a general travel ban was imposed on Armenian men fit for military service. According to government resolution No. 1917 of December 2, 2020, these exit restrictions have been lifted again.

Possible loss of Armenian citizenship while applying for naturalization in Germany

Armenian citizens can face statelessness when entering Armenia if they have previously submitted an application for naturalization in Germany and an application for release from Armenian citizenship. In the past, Armenian nationals were repeatedly deprived of their Armenian passports by the competent authorities when they entered Germany, although the naturalization procedure in Germany was not yet completed. However, naturalization can only take place after re-entry to Germany, which in this case is only possible with a visa application and an application for a travel document to be issued for foreigners. The processing time is several weeks.

  • Before traveling to Armenia, this group of people is advised to wait for the German naturalization procedure to be completed.

Money / credit cards

The national currency is the dram (AMD). More recent US dollar notes and euros can be exchanged.

Businesses and service providers are not officially permitted to accept foreign currencies, so payment must be made in dram.

Most restaurants, shops and hotels for high demands accept major credit cards, increasingly outside the capital, Yerevan.

There are numerous ATMs in downtown Yerevan where cash can be withdrawn using debit and credit cards.

Outside of Yerevan, cash dispensers cannot be used nationwide; there are ATMs in the provincial capitals.

  • Check your euro notes carefully when exchanging local currency for euros, as counterfeits are in circulation.
  • When traveling outside of the capital, you should only have sufficient cash reserves.

Entry and customs

Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.

Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without notifying the Foreign Office beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information going beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of the German customs and via the Customs and Travel app or you can inquire about them by telephone.

Travel documents

Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:

  • passport: Yes
  • Preliminarypassport: Yes
  • Identity card: No
  • PreliminaryIdentity card: No
  • Children's passport: Yes

Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Identification documents must be valid for five months after the trip.

visa

German citizens do not need a visa to enter and stay for up to 180 days per calendar year, regardless of the purpose of the trip.
Entry must be carried out with a valid passport, the presentation of an identity card is not sufficient.

Long-term stay

For stays of more than 180 days or for taking up gainful employment, you must contact the Passport and Registration Authority in Yerevan (Central Passport and Visa Office, Davtashen, 4th District, Building 17 / 10, Tel .: +374 10 370253) to apply for an extension using the application form.
The process is time consuming; Armenian or Russian language skills are helpful. If there is no extension, those affected must leave the country before the deadline has expired. Foreigners who stay in Armenia for more than 180 days without having received the required permit must expect difficulties in leaving the country, a fine (from 50,000 to 100,000 AMD) and an entry ban for one year.

Minors

For information on possible exit problems for conscripts dual nationals and naturalized Germans of Armenian origin, see Travel information, legal peculiarities.

Departure to neighboring countries

It is possible to leave the country by land to Georgia and Iran. However, the Armenian visa does not entitle you to transit stays in other CIS countries.Travelers who intend to visit neighboring countries of Armenia should already have the necessary visas for these countries before starting their journey (see travel advice for these countries).

There are three international border crossings from Armenia to Georgia (Bavra, Gogavan / Guguti and Bagratashen / Sadakhlo). A border crossing at Akherpi is not possible for foreigners.
It is not possible to cross the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan or between Armenia and Turkey. A detour via Georgia or Iran is required.

Import regulations

The export of antiques and works of art (e.g. carpets, pictures) is subject to restrictions due to legal provisions on national cultural property of Armenia. Export permits are easy to obtain. Violations of export regulations can result in prison terms.

Entry with your own vehicle

When entering with your own vehicle, fees for its import, road use and an eco-tax must be paid at the border. Even if you have international liability insurance coverage, you may be asked to take out additional insurance that is valid for Armenia. For the purpose of correct calculation, it is necessary to specify how many days the vehicle is to remain in Armenia. If the declared length of stay is exceeded, a considerable penalty must be expected, which as a rule cannot be paid when leaving the country, but only at the customs office in Armenia.

Pets

The import of a maximum of two pets per person is possible. An international vaccination card must be carried with you to prove that you have had the necessary rabies vaccinations, as well as a current health certificate from a veterinarian.

health

Current

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.

In January 2019, WHO declared delaying or skipping vaccinations as a threat to global health. In particular, the lack of vaccination against measles poses a high risk when the number of cases increases internationally.

  • As part of your travel preparations, check your and your children's vaccination protection against measles and have this supplemented if necessary.

Vaccination protection

No compulsory vaccinations are required for direct entry from Germany.

  • Make sure that you and your children have the standard vaccinations according to the vaccination calendar of the Robert Koch Institute up to date.
  • Vaccinations against hepatitis A are recommended as travel vaccinations, and in the case of long-term stays or special exposure also against hepatitis B, typhoid and rabies.
  • Please note the instructions for use and help for the indication in the travel vaccination recommendations leaflet.
  • The DTG offers up-to-date, detailed travel vaccination recommendations for specialist groups.

HIV / AIDS

There is always a high risk of HIV transmission through sexual contact, drug use (unclean syringes or cannulas) and blood transfusions.

  • Always use condoms, especially on casual acquaintances.

Diarrheal diseases

Diarrheal illnesses are common travel illnesses, see information sheet on diarrheal illnesses. However, most diarrheal diseases can be avoided through appropriate food and drinking water hygiene. Therefore, to protect your health, please observe the following basic information:

  • Only drink water of safe origin, never tap water. A previously opened bottle can be identified more easily by purchasing carbonated bottled water.
  • If possible, use drinking water to wash dishes and brush your teeth when you are out and about.
  • If bottled water is not available, use filtered, disinfected, or boiled water.
  • Cook or peel food yourself.
  • Make sure you keep flies away from your food.
  • Wash your hands with soap as often as possible, but always before preparing and eating.
  • If possible, disinfect your hands with liquid disinfectant.

tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an infectious bacterial disease that most commonly affects the lungs. The transmission usually takes place from person to person via droplet infection or close contact. Tuberculosis diseases are much more common in Armenia than in Central Europe.

  • Avoid contact with people suffering from tuberculosis or people with a strong cough of unknown cause.

rabies

Rabies is a deadly viral disease that is transmitted through the saliva of infected animals or humans. Cases of rabies occur occasionally in Armenia, see the rabies leaflet.

  • Avoid contact with animals.
  • Get advice on rabies vaccination and, if necessary, get vaccinated. The vaccination series should be completed before departure.
  • Even if you have been vaccinated, seek medical advice immediately after contact with a potentially infected animal or human (bite, licking injured skin areas or droplets of saliva on the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and eyes).

Medical supplies

Medical care is guaranteed in principle, but does not always meet European standards, especially outside of the big cities. Emergency care is usually provided. Cash payment is usually required for treatments. In remote areas of the country, rapid and efficient medical care cannot be expected in the event of illness or accident.

  • Take out travel health and repatriation insurance for the duration of your stay abroad. The German Liaison Office for Health Insurance - Abroad provides detailed information.
  • Take your individual first-aid kit with you and protect it against high temperatures when you are out and about, see the first-aid kit leaflet.
  • Before you go on a trip, seek personal advice from tropical medicine advice centers, tropical doctors or travel doctors and adjust your vaccination protection, even if you have already experienced the tropics from other regions. Corresponding doctors can be found e.g. B. via the DTG.

In addition to the general disclaimer, please note:

  • All information is intended for the information of medically trained. They are not a substitute for the consultation of a doctor.
  • The recommendations are tailored to direct entry from Germany to a travel destination, especially for longer stays on site. For shorter trips, entries from third countries and trips to other areas of the country, deviations may apply.
  • All information is always dependent on the individual circumstances of the traveler and may require medical advice.
  • In spite of the best possible efforts, the medical information is always just a consultation offer. They cannot cover all medical aspects, eliminate all doubts or always be completely up-to-date. You stay responsible for your healthy.

Country information about your travel destination

Here you will find the addresses of the responsible diplomatic missions and information on politics and bilateral relations with Germany.

More

Further information for your trip

The global threat of terrorist attacks and kidnappings remains unchanged.

Since September 2014, the terrorist organizations “Al Qaida” and “Islamic State” (IS) have been threatening various countries and their nationals with attacks. There were a number of attacks with firearms, explosives, kidnappings and hostage-taking.

Even if there are currently no specific indications of a threat to German interests abroad, it cannot be ruled out that German nationals or German institutions abroad will also become targets of terrorist acts of violence.