What does ISIS think of Hamas?
Islamist terror groups in Africa and the Middle East
Aim: God's state in Iraq and Syria
IS: The Sunni terrorist organization "Islamic State" (IS) has expanded its power base within a very short time and has brought a cross-border area in northern Syria and Iraq under its control. IS has cemented its ideological claim in its name: until some time ago it called itself "Islamic State in Iraq and Greater Syria" (ISIS), it has now given up this restriction. Your claim to power no longer has any limits. IS is considered to be even more radical than al-Qaeda. IS is to be financed to a large extent by private donations from the Gulf States of Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Other sources of money for ISIS are the oil fields in northern Syria and systematic blackmail. Experts estimate that the terrorist group has around 10,000 fighters in its ranks. IS is particularly popular with the conflict between the Sunni minority and the Shiite majority in Iraq. There are also a large number of international religious warriors and converts. Through the persecution and killing of people of different faiths, through beheadings and stonings, IS causes horror worldwide. At the same time, it attracts numerous new activists around the world through videos of their struggles published on the Internet.
Fighters from the Al-Nusra Front in Syria
Al-Nusra Front: The Al-Nusra Front is an official offshoot of Al-Qaeda. Her name means "Support Front for the Syrian People". It is considered one of the most important rebel groups in Syria. Its declared goals include the establishment of an Islamist state in Syria and ultimately in the entire Levant, i.e. in all countries of the Eastern Mediterranean. It is estimated that the Al-Nusra Front has between 5,000 and 7,000 members. It is mainly present in northern Syria.
African terrorist groups
Boko Haram: The name of the Islamist terrorist organization Boko Haram means something like "Western education is a sin". She fights in the predominantly Muslim north of Nigeria and advocates the introduction of Sharia law throughout the country. The terrorist group is currently attracting a great deal of attention through kidnappings. The great poverty and unemployment in northern Nigeria makes it easy for the leaders of Boko Haram to recruit new fighters. The Nigerian security forces are no match for the highly armed terrorists. Since 2003, thousands of people have been killed in attacks on security forces, authorities, churches and schools. In 2014 there were around 2,000 deaths in the Boko Haram attacks in the first four months alone.
Al-Shabaab fighters in Somalia
Al-Shabaab: The Islamist Al-Shabaab militia was founded in Somalia between 2004 and 2006. At that time, the country had been in a civil war for around fifteen years. Her name means "the youth". The group fights for a god state in the Horn of Africa. Your radical Islamist ideology knows no national borders. She has now carried out attacks all over East Africa - including in the Kenyan capital Nairobi, where more than 60 people were killed in an attack on a shopping center in September 2013. Al-Shabaab controls large parts of central and southern Somalia. Senior members emphasize cooperating with al-Qaeda in training fighters. The group also has ties with the Islamists of Boko Haram.
Ansar-al-Sharia: Organizations in Libya and Tunisia call themselves "followers of Islamic law". Smaller Ansar al-Sharia groups also exist in a number of countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Its aim is the introduction of Islamic law. The stronghold of the Libyan Ansar al-Sharia is the port city of Benghazi. The organization is held responsible for the attack on the US consulate in Benghazi on September 11, 2012. Four people died at the time, including the US ambassador. Ansar al-Sharia is said to have ties to al-Qaeda. The organization denies these allegations.
Middle East: Political organizations with a military base
Hezbollah parade in Lebanon
Hezbollah: The Lebanese Hezbollah was founded in 1982. The Shiite organization receives support from Iran and Syria. Your military arm is considered a terrorist organization in the USA or the EU, for example. Hezbollah units are said to be fighting on the side of Assad's troops in Syria.
Hamas: The "Islamic Resistance Movement" Hamas was founded in 1987. It is the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. Next to the Fatah of Palestinian President Abbas, Hamas is the second important representation of the Palestinians. Unlike Fatah, Hamas has never recognized Israel. Your goal is the annihilation of the Israeli state. To do this, it also uses terrorist means. In the 1990s she hit Israel with suicide bombings. Hamas has ruled the Gaza Strip since 2007, while Fatah rules the West Bank. Hamas and Fatah recently agreed on a unity government. Since the kidnapping of several Israeli teenagers in the West Bank, Israel has launched a wave of arrests against Hamas.
Al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri
Al Qaeda: Al Qaeda is considered the parent organization of global jihad. Her name means "base" or "foundation". She was the mastermind behind the attacks of September 11, 2001. The aim is to establish a God-state that includes all Islamic countries and areas. After the death of Osama bin Laden, Al-Qaeda was led by the Egyptian Aiman al-Zawahiri. Today, al-Qaeda is a loose network of largely autonomous cells in different countries, including al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, which operates primarily in Algeria, but also in northern Mali, and al-Qaeda in Yemen, a jihadist stronghold. In Iraq, the ISIS organization has split off from Al Qaeda.
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